The Roman Martyrology - November

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In the language of the Church, Birthday refers to the day on which a Saint enters heaven. However, the Blessed Virgin and St. John the Baptist are exceptions to this rule.

The First Day of November

  • The Festival of All Saints, which pope Boniface IV., after the dedication of the Pantheon, ordained to be kept generally and solemnly every year, in the city of Rome, in honor of the blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and of the holy martyrs. It was afterwards decreed by Gregory IV. that this feast, which was then celebrated in many dioceses, but at different times, should be on this day perpetually and solemnly kept by the whole Church in honor of all the Saints.
  • At Terracina, in Campania, the birthday of St. Caesarius, deacon, who was for many days detained in prison, afterwards put into a sack with St. Julian, priest, and then precipitated into the sea.
  • At Dijon, St. Benignus, a priest, who was sent to France by blessed Polycarp to preach the Gospel. After he had been subjected to many most grievous torments, by the judge Terentius, under the emperor Marcus Aurelius, he was finally condemned to have his neck struck with an iron bar and his body pierced with a lance.
  • The same day, St. Mary, handmaid. Accused of professing the Christian religion, in the time of the emperor Adrian, she was subjected to cruel scourging, to torture on the rack, and the lacerating of her body with iron hooks, and thus completed her martyrdom.
  • At Damascus, the martyrdom of the Saints Caesarius, Dacius and five others.
  • In Persia, under king Sapor, the holy martyrs John, bishop, and James, priest.
  • At Tarsus, the Saints Cyrenia and Juliana, under the emperor Maximian.
  • At Clermont, in Auvergne, St. Austremonius, first bishop of that city.
  • At Paris, the decease of St. Marcellus, bishop.
  • At Bayeux, St. Vigor, bishop, in the time of Childebert, king of the Franks.
  • At Tivoli, St. Severin, monk.
  • In Gatinais, St. Maturin, confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Second Day of November

  • The Commemoration of all the faithful departed.
  • The same day, the birthday of St. Victorinus, bishop of Poitiers, who, after writing many works, as is attested by St. Jerome, was crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Diocletian.
  • At Trieste, blessed Justus, who consummated his martyrdom in the same persecution, under the governor Manatius.
  • At Sebaste, the Saints Carterius, Styriacus, Tobias, Eudoxius, Agapius, and their companions, martyrs, under the emperor Licinius.
  • In Persia, the holy martyrs Acindynus, Pegasius, Aphtonius, pidephorus and Anempodistus, with their numerous companions.
  • In Africa, the birthday of the holy martyrs Publius, Victor, Hermes, and Papias.
  • At Tarsus, in Cilicia, in the reign of Julian the Apostate, St. Eustochium, virgin and martyr, who breathed her last in prayer in the midst of severe torments.
  • At Laodicea, in Syria, St. Theodotus, a bishop, powerful in words, and adorned with good works and virtues.
  • At Vienne, St. George, bishop.
  • In the monastery of St. Maurice, in Switzerland, St. Ambrose, abbot.
  • At Cyrus, in Syria, St. Marcian, confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Third Day of November

  • The birthday of St. Quartus, disciple of the apostles. At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, the holy martyrs Germanus, Theophilus, Caesarius and Vitalis, who became illustrious martyrs in the persecution of Decius.
  • At Saragossa, under Dacian, governor of Spain, innumerable holy martyrs, who laid down their lives for Christ with admirable fervor.
  • At Viterbo, during the persecution of Maximian, the holy martyrs Valentine, priest, and Hilary, deacon. For attachment to the faith of Christ, they were cast into the Tiber with a stone tied to them, but being miraculously rescued by an angel, they were beheaded, and thus were crowned with the glory of martyrdom.
  • In England, St. Winefride, virgin and martyr.
  • In the monastery of Clairvaux, the decease of St. Malachy, bishop of Armagh, in Ireland, who won renown in his own days for his many virtues, and whose life was written by the abbot St. Bernard.
  • The same day, St. Hubert, bishop of Tongres.
  • At Vienne, St. Domnus, bishop and confessor.
  • Also, the departure from this life of St. Pirminus, bishop of Meaux.
  • At Urgel, in Spain, St. Hermengaudus, bishop.
  • At Borne, St. Sylvia, mother of pope St. Gregory.
Thanks be to God.

The Fourth Day of November

  • At Milan, St. Charles Borromeo, cardinal, and bishop of that city, who was ranked among the Saints by Paul V. on account of the holiness of his life and his renown for miracles.
  • At Bologna, the holy martyrs Vitalis and Agricola. The former was first the servant of the latter, and afterwards his partner and colleague in martyrdom. He was subjected by the persecutors to all kinds of torments, so that there was no part of his body without wounds. After having suffered with constancy, he yielded up his soul to God in prayer. Agricola was put to death by being fastened to a cross with many nails. St. Ambrose relates that being present at their translation, he took the martyr's nails, his glorious blood, and the wood of his cross, and deposited them under the consecrated altars.
  • The same day, the birthday of the Saints Philologus and Patrobas, disciples of the apostle St. Paul.
  • At Autun, St. Proculus, martyr.
  • In Vexin (in the North of France), St. Clarus, priest and martyr.
  • At Ephesus, St. Porphyry, martyr, under the emperor Aurelian.
  • At Myra, in Lycia, the holy martyrs Nicander, bishop, and Hermas, priest, under the governor Libanius.
  • The same day, the birthday of St. Pierius, priest of Alexandria, who, being deeply versed in the sacred Scriptures, leading a very pure life, and freed from all impediments in order to apply to Christian philosophy, taught the people with great renown, and published various treatises, under the emperors Carus and Diocletian, when Theonas governed the church of Alexandria. After the persecution, he spent the remainder of his life at Borne, where he rested in peace.
  • At Rhodez, in France, blessed Amantius, bishop, whose life was resplendent with sanctity and miracles.
  • In Bithynia, St. Joannicius, abbot.
  • In Hungary, at Alba-Begale, the demise of St. Emeric, confessor, son of St. Stephen, king of Hungary.
  • In the monastery of Cerfroid, in the diocese of Meaux, St. Felix de Valois, founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity for the Bedemption of Captives. His feast is celebrated on the 20th of this month by order of Innocent XI.
  • At Treves, St. Modesta, virgin.
Thanks be to God.

The Fifth Day of November

  • ST. ZACHARY, priest and prophet, father of blessed John the Baptist.
  • Also, St. Elizabeth, mother of the same most holy precursor.
  • At Terracina, in Campania, the birthday of the holy martyrs, Felix, priest, and Eusebius, monk. The latter having buried the holy martyrs Julian and Caesarius, and converted to the faith of Christ, many whom the priest St. Felix baptized, was arrested with him, and both being led to the tribunal of the judge, who could not succeed in intimidating them, they were shut up in prison, and as they refused to offer sacrifice, were beheaded that same night.
  • At Emesa, in Phoenicia, during the persecution of Decius, the holy martyrs Galation, and Epistemis, his wife, who were scourged, had their hands, feet and tongue severed from their bodies, and finally consummated their martyrdom by decapitation.
  • Also, the holy martyrs Domninus, Theotimus, Philotheus, Silvanus, and their companions, under the emperor Maximinus.
  • At Milan, St. Magnus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Brescia, St. Dominator, bishop.
  • At Treves, St. Fibitius, who was made bishop of that city while filling the office of abbot.
  • At Orleans, in France, St. Laetus, priest and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Sixth Day of November

  • At Tunis, in Africa, the birthday of St. Felix, martyr, who, having confessed Christ, was sent to prison, his execution being deferred. But the next day he was found dead, as is related by St. Augustine, in his exposition of a psalm to the people on the feast of the saint.
  • At Theopolis, ten holy martyrs, who are reported to have been put to death by the Saracens.
  • At Barcelona, St. Severus, bishop and martyr, who had his head pierced with a nail, and thus received the crown of martyrdom for the faith.
  • In Phrygia, St. Atticus.
  • At Berg, the departure from this life of St. Winoc, abbot, who was renowned for virtues and miracles, and for a long time served his brethren, even those who were subject to him.
  • At Fundi, in Campania, St. Felix, monk.
  • At Limoges, in Aquitaine, St. Leonard, confessor, disciple of the blessed bishop Remigius, who was born of a noble family, and chose to lead a solitary life. He was celebrated for holiness and miracles, but his miraculous gift shone particularly in the deliverance of captives.
Thanks be to God.

The Seventh Day of November

  • At Padua, the demise of St. Prosdocimus, first bishop of that city, who was ordained bishop by the blessed apostle Peter, and sent thither to preach the word of God, where, celebrated for many virtues and prodigies, he happily ended his life.
  • At Perugia, St. Herculanus, bishop and martyr.
  • The same day, St. Amaranthus, martyr, who was buried in the city of Albi, after the termination of combats faithfully sustained, but lives in eternal glory.
  • At Melitine, in Armenia, the martyrdom of the Saints Hieron, Meander, Hesychius, and thirty others, who were crowned in the persecution of Diocletian, under the governor Lysias.
  • At Amphipolis, in Macedonia, the holy martyrs Auctus, Taurio and Thessalonica.
  • At Ancyra, the passion of the Saints Melasippus, Anthony and Carina, under Julian the Apostate.
  • At Cologne, St. Engelbertus, bishop, who did not hesitate to suffer martyrdom in defence of ecclesiastical liberties, and for obedience to the Roman Church.
  • At Alexandria, blessed Achillas, a bishop renowned for erudition, faith and purity of life.
  • In Friesland, the decease of St. Willibrord, bishop of Utrecht, who was consecrated bishop by the blessed pope Sergius, and preached the Gospel in Friesland and Denmark.
  • At Metz, St. Eufus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Strasburg, St. Florentius, bishop.
Thanks be to God.

The Eighth Day of November

  • The Octave of All Saints.
  • At Rome, on the Lavican road, three miles from the city, the martyrdom of the Saints Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian, Castorius and Simplicius, who were first sent to prison, then scourged with whips set with metal, and as they could not be made to forsake the faith of Christ, Diocletian ordered them to be thrown into the river.
  • Also, on the Lavican way, the birthday of the saintly brothers, Severus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus, called the Four Crowned, who were scourged to death with leaded whips, during the reign of the same emperor. As their names, known some years afterwards by revelation, could not then be ascertained, it was ordered that their anniversary should be commemorated with the preceding five, under the name of the Four Saints Crowned. This appellation was retained by the Church, even after their names had been revealed.
  • At Rome, St. Deusdedit, pope, whose merit was so great that he cured a leper by kissing him.
  • At Bremen, St. Willehad, first bishop of that city, who, in conjunction with St. Boniface, whose disciple he was, spread the Gospel in Friesland and Saxony.
  • At Soissons, in France, St. Godfrey, bishop of Amiens, a man of great holiness.
  • At Verdun, St. Maurus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Tours, St. Clarus, priest, whose epitaph was written by St. Paulinus.
Thanks be to God.

The Ninth Day of November

  • At Rome, the dedication of the Basilica of our Saviour.
  • At Amasea, in Pontus, the birthday of St. Theodore, a soldier, in the time of the emperor Maximian. For the confession of Christ, he was severely scourged and sent to prison, where he was comforted by an apparition of our Lord, who exhorted him to act with courage and constancy. He was finally stretched on the rack, lacerated with iron hooks till his intestines were laid bare, and then cast into the flames to be burned alive. His glorious deeds have been celebrated in a magnificent oration by St. Gregory of Nyssa.
  • At Tyana, in Cappadocia, the martyrdom of St. Orestes, under the emperor Diocletian.
  • At Thessalonica, St. Alexander, martyr, during the reign of Maximian.
  • At Bourges, St. Ursinus, confessor, who was ordained at Rome by the successors of the apostles and appointed first bishop of that city.
  • At Naples, in Campania, St. Agrippinus, a bishop renowned for miracles.
  • At Constantinople, the holy virgins Eustolia, a native of Rome, and Sopatra, daughter of the emperor Maurice.
  • At Berytus, in Syria, the Commemoration of the Image of our Saviour, which being fastened to a cross by the Jews, poured out blood so copiously that the Eastern and Western Churches received abundantly of it.
Thanks be to God.

The Tenth Day of November

  • At Naples, in Campania, the birthday of St. Andrew Avellini, Clerk Regular, very celebrated for his sanctity, and his zeal in procuring the salvation of souls. Being renowned for miracles, he was inscribed on the catalogue of saints by Clement XI.
  • The birthday of the holy martyrs Tryphon and Respicius, and the virgin Nympha.
  • In the diocese of Agde, the holy martyrs Tiberius, Modestus, and Florentia, who, after being subjected to various torments, consummated their martyrdom in the time of Diocletian.
  • At Antioch, the Saints Demetrius, bishop, Anian, deacon, Eustosius, and twenty other martyrs.
  • At Ravenna, St. Probus, a bishop, renowned for miracles.
  • At Orleans, St. Monitor, bishop and confessor.
  • In England, St. Justus, bishop, who was sent by pope Gregory with Augustine, Mellitus, and others to preach the Gospel in that country. There he went to his repose in the Lord, celebrated for sanctity.
  • At Melun, St. Leo, confessor.
  • At Iconium, in Lycaonia, the holy women Tryphenna and Tryphosa, who profited by the preaching of blessed Paul and the example of Thecla to make great progress in Christian perfection.
  • In the island of Paros, St. Theoctistes, virgin.
Thanks be to God.

The Eleventh Day of November

  • At Tours, in France, the birthday of blessed Martin, bishop and confessor, whose life was so renowned for miracles that he received the power to raise three persons from the dead.
  • At Cotyaeum, in Phrygia, during the persecution of Diocletian, the celebrated martyrdom of St. Mennas, Egyptian soldier, who cast off the military belt and obtained the grace of serving the King of heaven secretly in the desert. Afterwards coming out publicly, and freely declaring himself a Christian, he was first subjected to dire torments; and finally kneeling in prayer, and giving thanks to our Lord Jesus Christ, he was struck with the sword. After his death, he was renowned for many miracles.
  • At Ravenna, the holy martyrs Valentine, Felician and Victorinus, who were crowned in the persecution of Diocletian.
  • In Mesopotamia, St. Athenodorus, martyr, who was subjected to fire and other torments under the same Diocletian and the governor Eleusius. He was at length sentenced to capital punishment, but the executioner having fallen down and no other person daring to strike him with the sword, he passed to his repose in the Lord whilst praying.
  • At Lyons, St. Veranus, bishop, whose life was illustrated by his faith and other virtues.
  • In the monastery of Crypta-Ferrata, near Frascati, the holy abbot, Bartholomew, companion of blessed Nilus, whose life he wrote.
  • In the province of Abruzzo, blessed Mennas, solitary, whose virtues and miracles are mentioned by pope St. Gregory.
Thanks be to God.

The Twelfth Day of November

  • The birthday of St. Martin, pope and martyr. Because he had convoked a council at Rome, and condemned the heretics Sergius, Paul and Pyrrhus, he was taken prisoner treacherously by order of the heretical emperor Constans, carried to Constantinople and banished to Chersonesus, where he ended his life, consumed with afflictions endured for the Catholic faith, and with a reputation for many miracles. His body was subsequently transferred to Rome, and deposited in the church of the Saints Silvester and Martin.
  • In Asia, the martyrdom of the Saints Aurelius and Publius, bishops.
  • In the diocese of Sens, St. Paternus, martyr.
  • At Ghent, St. Livinus, bishop and martyr.
  • In Poland, the holy martyrs Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christinus, hermits.
  • At Witebsk, in Poland, the martyrdom of St. Josaphat, of the Order of St. Basil, archbishop of Polotzk, who was cruelly murdered by the schismatics, through hatred of Catholic unity and truth. He was cononized by Pius IX. in 1867.
  • At Avignon, St. Rufus, first bishop of that city.
  • At Cologne, the decease of St. Cunibert, bishop.
  • At Tarazona, in Spain, blessed AEmilian, a priest who wrought numberless miracles, and whose wonderful life was written by St. Braulio, bishop of Saragossa.
  • At Constantinople, St. Nilus, abbot who resigned the office of governor of the city to become a monk, and was distinguished for learning and sanctity, in the time of Theodosius the Younger.
  • Also, at Constantinople, St. Theodore Studita, who became celebrated throughout the whole Catholic Church by his vigorous defence of the faith against the Iconoclasts.
  • At Alcala, in Spain, St. Didacus, confessor, of the Order of Minorites, who was renowned for his humility. Inscribed on the catalogue of the saints by Sixtus V., his feast is kept on the thirteenth of this month.
Thanks be to God.

The Thirteenth Day of November

  • ST. DIDACUS, confessor, of the Order of Minorites, whose birthday occurred on the twelfth of this month.
  • At Ravenna, the birthday of the holy martyrs Valentine, Solutor and Victor, who suffered under the emperor Diocletian.
  • At Aix, in Province, St. Matrius, a most renowned martyr.
  • At Caesarea, in Palestine, the martyrdom of the Saints Antoninus, Zebina, Germanus and Ennatha, virgin. Ennatha was scourged under Galerius Maximian, and burned alive, while the others, for boldly reproaching the governor Firmilian for his idolatry in sacrificing to the gods, were beheaded.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Arcadius, Paschasius, Probus and Eutychian, Spaniards, who refused absolutely to yield to the Arian perfidy, during the persecution of the Vandals. Accordingly they were proscribed by the Arian king Genseric, driven into exile, and finally, after being subjected to fearful tortures, were put to death in various manners. Then was also made manifest the constancy of the small boy Paulillns, brother of the Saints Paschasius and Eutychian. As he could not be seduced from the Catholic faith, he was a long time beaten with rods, and condemned to a base servitude.
  • At Rome, pope St. Nicholas, distinguished for the apostolic spirit.
  • At Tours, St. Brice, bishop, disciple of the blessed bishop Martin.
  • At Toledo, St. Eugenius, bishop.
  • At Clermont, in Auvergne, St. Quinctian, bishop.
  • At Cremona, St. Homobonus, confessor, renowned for miracles. He was ranked among the saints by Innocent III.
Thanks be to God.

The Fourteenth Day of November

  • The festival of St. Josaphat, bishop and martyr.
  • At Heraclea, in Thrace, the birthday of the holy martyrs Clementinus, Theodotus and Philomenus.
  • At Alexandria, St. Serapion, martyr, whom the persecutors, under the emperor Decius, subjected to torments so cruel that all his limbs were disjointed. He became a martyr of Christ by being hurled down from the upper part of his house.
  • At Troyes, in France, St. Venerandus, martyr, under the emperor Aurelian.
  • Also, in France, the holy virgin Veneranda, who received the crown of martyrdom under the emperor Antoninus and the governor Asclepiades.
  • At Gangres, in Paphlagonia, St. Hypatius, bishop, who on his way home from the great council of Nice, was attacked with stones by the Novatian heretics, and died a martyr.
  • At Algiers, in Africa, blessed Serapion, of the Order of Our Blessed Lady of Ransom. For the redemption of the faithful in captivity and the preaching of the Christian faith, he was the first of his Order to deserve the palm of martyrdom by being crucified and cut to pieces.
  • At Emesa, the passion of many holy women, who were barbarously tortured and massacred under Mady, a savage Arabian chief.
  • At Bologna, St. Jucundus, bishop and confessor.
  • In Ireland, St. Lawrence, bishop of Dublin.
Thanks be to God.

The Fifteenth Day of November

  • ST ALBERT THE GREAT, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church, Feast day.
  • The same day, the birthday of St. Eugenius, bishop of Toledo, and martyr, disciple of blessed Denis the Areopagite. Having consummated his martyrdom near Paris, he received from our Lord a crown for his blessed sufferings. His body was afterwards conveyed to Toledo.
  • At Nola, in Campania, blessed Felix, bishop and martyr, who was renowned for miracles from the fifteenth year of his age. He terminated the combats of his martyrdom with thirty others, under the governor Marcian.
  • At Edessa, in Syria, the holy martyrs Gurias and Samonas, under the emperor Diocletian and the governor Antoninus.
  • In the same place, the martyrdom of St. Abibus, deacon, who was torn with iron hooks, and cast into the fire in the time of the emperor Licinius and the governor Lysanias.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Secundus, Fidentian, and Varicus.
  • In Bretagne, the birthday of St. Malo, bishop, who was glorious for miracles from his early years.
  • At Verona, St. Luperius, bishop and confessor.
  • In Austria, St. Leopold, margrave of that country, who was inscribed among the saints by Innocent VIII.
Thanks be to God.

The Sixteenth Day of November

  • ST GERTRUDE, virgin, whose birthday is the 17th of this month, Feast day.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Rufinus, Mark, Valerius and their companions.
  • The same day, the holy martyrs Elpidius, Marcellus, Eustochius, and their companions. Elpidius being a senator, and having perseveringly confessed the Christian faith before Julian the Apostate, was, with his companions, first tied to wild horses and dragged by them, and then being thrown into the fire, ended a glorious martyrdom.
  • At Lyons, the birthday of St. Eucherius, bishop and confessor, a man of extraordinary faith and learning. He renounced the senatorial dignity to embrace the religious life, and for a long time voluntarily shut himself up in a cavern, where he served Christ in prayer and fasting. Afterwards, through the revelation of an angel, he was solemnly installed in the episcopal chair of the city of Lyons.
  • At Padua, St. Fidentius, bishop.
  • At Canterbury, in England, St. Edmund, archbishop and confessor, who was sent into exile for having maintained the rights of his church. He died near Provins, in France, and was canonized by Innocent IV.
  • The same day, the departure from this world of St. Othmar, abbot.
Thanks be to God.

The Seventeenth Day of November

  • At Neocaesarea, in Pontus, the birthday of St. Gregory, bishop, illustrious by his learning and sanctity. The prodigies and miracles which he wrought to the great glory of the Church gained for him the surname of Wonder-worker.
  • In Palestine, the holy martyrs Alphaeus and Zacchaeus, who in the first year of the persecution of Diocletian, after many torments underwent capital punishment.
  • At Cordova, during the same persecution, the holy martyrs Acisclus, and Victoria, his sister, who were most cruelly tortured by order of the governor Dion, and thus merited to be crowned by our Lord for their glorious sufferings.
  • At Alexandria, St. Denis, bishop, a man of the most profound learning, renowned for having often confessed the faith, and illustrious by the various sufferings and torments he had endured, full of days he rested in peace a confessor, in the time of the emperors Valerian and Gallienus.
  • At Orleans, St. Anian, bishop, whose precious death in the sight of the Lord is attested by frequent miracles.
  • In England, St. Hugh, bishop, who was called from a Carthusian monastery to the government of the church of Lincoln. He ended his holy life in peace, renowned for many miracles.
  • At Tours, St. Gregory, bishop.
  • At Florence, St. Eugenius, confessor, deacon of blessed Zenobius, bishop of that city.
  • In Germany, St. Gertrude, virgin, of the Order of St. Benedict, who was renowned for the revelations she received. Her festival is celebrated on the 15th of this month.
Thanks be to God.

The Eighteenth Day of November

  • At Rome, the Dedication of the basilicas of the holy apostles Peter and Paul. The former, having been enlarged, was on this day solemnly consecrated by Urban VIII.; while the latter, more sumptuously rebuilt after its total destruction by the flames, was solemnly dedicated on the 10th of December by Pius IX., though the festival in commemoration of that event was transferred to this day.
  • At Antioch, the birthday of St. Romanus, martyr, in the time of the emperor Galerius. When the prefect Asclepiades broke into the churches and strove to destroy them completely, Romanus exhorted the Christians to resist him, and after being subjected to dire torments and the cutting out of his tongue (without which, however, he spoke the praises of God), he was strangled in prison and crowned with a glorious martyrdom. Before him suffered a young boy named Barula, who being asked by him whether it was better to worship one God or several gods, and having answered that we must believe in the one God whom the Christians adore, was scourged and beheaded.
  • Also, at Antioch, the holy martyr Hesychius, a soldier. Hearing the order that anyone refusing to sacrifice to idols, should lay aside his military belt, he immediately took off his. For this reason, he was precipitated into the river with a large stone tied to his right hand.
  • The same day, the Saints Oriculus and his companions, who suffered for the Catholic faith, in the persecution of the Vandals.
  • At Mayence, St. Maximus, bishop, who, after suffering much from the Arians, died a confessor, in the time of Constantius.
  • At Tours, the departure from this life of blessed Odo, abbot of Cluny.
  • At Antioch, St. Thomas, a monk honored with an annual solemnity by the people of Antioch, for having obtained the cessation of a pestilence by his prayers.
  • At Lucca, in Tuscany, the translation of St. Frigdian, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Ninteenth Day of November

  • At Marburg, in Germany, the demise of St. Elizabeth, widow, daughter of Andrew, king of Hungary, of the Third Order of St. Francis. After a life passed in the performance of pious works, she went to heaven, having a reputation for miracles.
  • The same day, the birthday of St. Pontian, pope and martyr, who, with the priest Hippolytus, was transported to Sardinia, by the emperor Alexander, and there, being scourged to death with rods, consummated his martyrdom. His body was conveyed to Rome by the blessed pope Fabian, and buried in the cemetery of Callistus.
  • At Samaria, the holy prophet Abdias.
  • At Rome, on the Appian road, the birthday of St. Maximus, priest and martyr, who suffered in the persecution of Valerian, and was buried near St. Xystus.
  • At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, St. Barlaam, martyr, who, though unpolished and ignorant, yet armed with the wisdom of Christ, overcame the tyrant, and, by the constancy of his faith, subdued fire itself. On his birthday, St. Basil the Great delivered a celebrated discourse.
  • At Ecijo, the blessed bishop Oispinus, who obtained the glory of martyrdom by decapitation.
  • At Vienne, the holy martyrs Severinus, Exuperius and Felician. Their bodies, after the lapse of many years, were found through their own revelation, and being taken up with due honors by the bishop, clergy and people of that city, were buried with becoming solemnity.
  • The same day, St. Faustus, deacon of Alexandria, who was first banished with St. Denis, in the persecution of Valerian; later, in the persecution of Diocletian, being far advanced in age, he consummated his martyrdom by the sword.
  • In Isauria, the martyrdom of Saint Azas and his military companions, to the number of one hundred and fifty, under the emperor Diocletian and the tribune Aquilinus.
Thanks be to God.

The Twentieth Day of November

  • ST. FELIX DE VALOIS, confessor.
  • At Messina, in Sicily, the holy martyrs Ampelus and Caius.
  • At Turin, the holy martyrs Octavius, Solutor and Adventor, soldiers of the Theban Legion, who fought valiantly for the faith under the emperor Maximian, and were crowned with martyrdom.
  • At Caesarea, in Palestine, in the time of the emperor Galerius Maximian, the holy martyr Agapius, who was condemned to be devoured by the beasts; but being unhurt by them, he was cast into the sea with stones tied to his feet.
  • In Persia, the martyrdom of the holy bishop Nersas and his companions.
  • At Dorostorum, in Mysia, St. Dasius, bishop, who, for refusing to consent to the impurities practised on the feast of Saturn, was put to death, under the governor Bassus.
  • At Nicaea, in Bithynia, the holy martyrs Eustachius, Thespesius and Anatolius, in the persecution of Maximinus.
  • At Heraclea, in Thrace, the holy martyrs Bassus, Denis, Agapitus and forty others.
  • In England, St. Edmund, king and martyr.
  • At Constantinople, St. Gregory of Decapolis, who suffered many tribulations for the worship of holy images.
  • At Milan, St. Benignus, a bishop, who, amidst the serious troubles caused by the barbarians, governed the church entrusted to him with the greatest constancy and piety.
  • At Chalons, St. Silvester, a bishop, who went to God in the forty-second year of his priesthood, full of days and virtues.
  • At Verona, St. Simplicius, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-First Day of November

  • In the temple at Jerusalem, the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God.
  • The same day, the birthday of blessed Rufus, mentioned by the apostle St. Paul in his epistle to the Romans.
  • At Rome, the martyrdom of the Saints Celsus and Clement.
  • At Ostia, the holy martyrs Demetrius and Honorius.
  • At Rheims, St. Albert, bishop of Liege and martyr, who was put to death for defending the liberties of the Church.
  • In Spain, the holy martyrs Honorius, Eutychius and Stephen.
  • In Pamphylia, St. Heliodorus, martyr, in the persecution of Aurelian, under the governor Aetius. After his death his executioners were converted to the faith and thrown into the sea.
  • At Rome, St. Gelasius, pope, distinguished for learning and sanctity.
  • At Verona, St. Maurus, bishop and confessor.
  • In the monastery of Bobio, the departure from this life of St. Columban, abbot, who founded many convents and governed a large number of monks. He died at an advanced age, celebrated for many virtues.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Second Day of November

  • At Rome, St. Cecilia, virgin and martyr, who brought to the faith of Christ her spouse Valerian and his brother Tiburtius, and encouraged them to martyrdom. After their death, being arrested by order of Almachius, prefect of the city, and exposed to the fire, from which she came out uninjured, she terminated her glorious sufferings by the sword, in the time of the emperor Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander.
  • At Colossae, in Phrygia, during the reign of Nero, Saints Philemon and Apphias, disciples of St. Paul. When the Gentiles rushed into the church on the feast of Diana, they were arrested whilst the other Christians fled, and by the command of the governor Artocles, were scourged, let down into a pit up to their waist, and overwhelmed with stones.
  • Also, at Rome, St. Maurus, martyr, who, coming from Africa to visit the tombs of the Apostles, was condemned to die, under the emperor Numerian, Celerinus being prefect of the city.
  • At Antioch, in Pisidia, the martyrdom of the Saints Mark and Stephen, under the emperor Diocletian.
  • At Autun, St. Pragmatius, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Third Day of November

  • The birthday of pope St. Clement, who held the sovereign Pontificate the third after the blessed apostle Peter. In the persecution of Trajan, he was banished to Chersonesus, where, being precipitated into the sea with an anchor tied to his neck, he was crowned with martyrdom. His body was taken to Rome during the pontificate of Nicholas I., and placed with due honors in the church which had been previously built under his invocation.
  • At Rome, St. Felicitas, mother of seven sons, martyrs. After them she was beheaded for Christ, by order of the emperor Marcus Antoninus.
  • At Merida, in Spain, St. Lucretia, virgin and martyr, who consummated her martyrdom in the persecution of Diocletian, under the governor Dacian.
  • At Cyzicum, in Hellespont, St. Sisinius, martyr, who, after many torments, was put to the sword, in the same persecution.
  • At Iconium, in Lycaonia, the holy bishop Amphilochius, who was the companion of St. Basil and St. Gregory Nazianzen in the desert, and their colleague in the episcopate. After many combats for the Catholic faith, he rested in peace, with the reputation of a holy and learned prelate.
  • At Girgenti, the decease of St. Gregory, bishop.
  • In the village of Hasbein, St. Tron, priest and confessor.
  • At Mantua, blessed John the Good, of the Order of Augustinians, whose celebrated life was written by St. Antoninus.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Fourth Day of November

  • ST. JOHN OF THE CROSS, confessor, whose birthday is the 14th of December.
  • The same day, the birthday of St. Chrysogonus, martyr. After a long imprisonment in chains for the constant confession of Christ, he was by order of Diocletian taken to Aquileia, where he terminated his martyrdom by being beheaded and thrown into the sea.
  • At Rome, St. Crescentian, martyr, whose name is mentioned in the Acts of the blessed pope Marcellus.
  • At Amelia, in Umbria, during the persecution of Diocletian, St. Firmina, virgin and martyr, who, after being subjected to various torments, to hanging, and to burning with flaming torches, yielded up her spirit.
  • At Corinth, St. Alexander, martyr, who fought unto death for the faith of Christ, under Julian the Apostate and the governor Sallust.
  • At Cordova, the saintly virgins and martyrs Flora and Mary, who were for a long time confined in prison and slain with the sword, in the persecution of the Arabs.
  • At Perugia, St. Felicissimus, martyr.
  • At Milan, St. Protasius, bishop, who defended the cause of Athanasius before the emperor Constans, in the council of Sardica. Having sustained many labors for the church entrusted to him and for religion, he departed this life to go to the Lord.
  • In the castle of Blaye, St. Romanus, a priest, whose holiness is proclaimed by glorious miracles.
  • In Auvergne, St. Portian, an abbot, who was renowned for miracles in the time of king Theodoric.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Fifth Day of November

  • The birthday of St. Catharine, virgin and martyr, under the emperor Maximinus. For the confession of the Christian faith, she was cast into prison at Alexandria, and afterwards endured a long scourging with whips garnished with metal, and finally ended her martyrdom by decapitation. Her body was miraculously conveyed by angels to Mount Sinai, where pious veneration is paid to it by a great concourse of Christians.
  • At Rome, St. Moses, priest and martyr, who, with others detained in prison, was often consoled by the letters of St. Cyprian. After he had withstood with unbending courage not only the Gentiles, but also the Novatian schismatics and heretics, he was finally, in the persecution of Decius, crowned with a martyrdom which fills the mind with admiration, according to the words of pope St. Cornelius.
  • At Antioch, St. Erasmus, martyr.
  • At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, St. Mercury, soldier,who vanquished the barbarians and triumphed over the cruelty of Decius through the protection of his guardian angel. Finally, having acquired great glory from his sufferings, he was crowned with martyrdom and went to reign forever in heaven.
  • In AEmilia, a province of Italy, St. Jucunda, virgin.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Sixth Day of November

  • At Fabriano, in the Marches, blessed Silvester, abbot, founder of the Congregation of the Silvestrine monks.
  • At Alexandria, the birthday of St. Peter, bishop of that city, adorned with all virtues, who was beheaded by the command of Galerius Maximian.
  • There suffered also at Alexandria, in the same persecution, the holy martyrs Faustus, priest, Didius and Ammonius; likewise, Phileas, Hesychius, Pachomius and Theodore, Egyptian bishops, with six hundred and sixty others, whom the sword of persecution sent to heaven.
  • At Nicomedia, in the time of Constantius, St. Marcellus, a priest, who died a martyr by being hurled down from a rock.
  • At Padua, St. Bellinus, bishop and martyr.
  • At Rome, St. Siricius, pope and confessor, celebrated for his learning, piety and zeal for religion, who condemned various heretics, and published salutary laws concerning ecclesiastical discipline.
  • At Autun, St. Amator, bishop.
  • At Constance, St. Conrad, bishop.
  • In the diocese of Rheims, the birthday of St. Basolus, confessor.
  • At Adrianople, in Paphlagonia, St. Stylian, anchoret, renowned for miracles.
  • In Armenia, St. Nicon, monk.
  • At Rome, St. Leonard, of Port Maurice, confessor, of the Friars Minor of St. Francis, of the strict observance. He was remarkable for zeal, for he spent several years with extraordinary success in conducting his holy expeditions through Italy for the conquest of souls. He was ranked among the blessed by Pius VI., and among the saints by Pius IX. during the solemnities connected with the eighteenth centenary of the princes of the Apostles, Sts. Peter and Paul.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Seventh Day of November

  • At Antioch, the holy martyrs Basileus, bishop, Auxilius, and Saturninus.
  • In Persia, St. James Intercisus, a distinguished martyr. In the time of Theodosius the Younger, he denied Christ to please king Isdegerdes, but his mother and his wife having for that reason withdrawn from his company, he entered into himself, and returned to the king to declare his faith in our Lord, whereupon the irritated monarch condemned him to be cut to pieces and beheaded. Countless other martyrs suffered at this time in the same country.
  • At Sebaste, in Armenia, the holy martyrs Hirenarchus, Acacius, priest, and seven women. Struck with the constancy of these women, Hirenarchus was converted to Christ, and with Acacius died under the axe, in the reign of the emperor Diocletian and under the governor Maximus.
  • In Galicia, on the river Ca, the Saints Facundus and Primitivus, who suffered under the governor Atticus.
  • At Aquileia, St. Valerian, bishop.
  • At Riez, in France, St. Maximus, bishop and confessor, who, from his tender years, was endowed with every grace and virtue. Being first superior of the monastery of Lerins, and afterwards bishop of the church of Riez, he was celebrated for the working of miracles and prodigies.
  • At Salzburg, in Austria, St. Virgilius, bishop, and apostle of Carinthia, inscribed among the saints by Sovereign Pontiff Gregory IX.
  • In India, on the confines of Persia, the Saints Barlaam and Josaphat, whose wonderful deeds were written by St. John Damascene.
  • At Paris, the departure from this world of St. Severin, monk and solitary.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Eighth Day of November

  • At Rome, St. Rufus, who, with all his family, was made a martyr by Diocletian.
  • At Corinth, the birthday of St. Sosthenes, disciple of the blessed apostle Paul, who is mentioned by that apostle in his epistle to the Corinthians. He was chief of the synagogue when converted to Christ, and, as a glorious beginning, consecrated the first fruits of his faith by being scourged in the presence of the proconsul Gallio.
  • In Africa, under the Arian king Genseric, in the persecution of the Vandals, the holy martyrs Papinian and Mansuetus, bishops, who, for the Catholic faith, were burned in every part of their bodies with hot plates of iron, and thus ended their glorious combat.
  • At this time also, other holy bishops. Valerian, Urban, Crescens, Eustachius, Cresconius, Crescentian, Felix, Hortulanus, and Florentian, terminated the course of their lives in exile.
  • At Constantinople, in the time of Constantine Copronymus, the holy martyrs Stephen the Younger, Basil, Peter, Andrew and their companions, numbering three hundred and thirty-nine monks, who were subjected to various torments for the worship of holy images, and confirmed the Catholic truth with the shedding of their blood.
  • At Rome, blessed pope Gregory III., who departed for heaven with a reputation for sanctity and miracles.
  • At Naples, the departure from this world of St. James of La Marca, confessor, of the Order of Minorites, celebrated for the austerity of his life, his apostolic manner of preaching, and his many legations undertaken for the success of the affairs of Christianity. His name was added to the calendar of saints by the Sovereign Pontiff, Benedict XIII.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Ninth Day of November

  • The vigil of St. Andrew, apostle.
  • At Rome, on the Salarian road, the birthday of the holy martyr Saturninus, an aged man, and the deacon Sisinius, in the time of the emperor Maximian. After a long imprisonment, they were, by order of the prefect of the city, placed on the rack, distended with ropes, scourged with rods and whips garnished with metal, then exposed to the flames, taken down from the rack and beheaded.
  • At Toulouse, in the time of Decius, the holy bishop Saturninus, who was confined by the Pagans in the capitol of that city, and from the highest part of the building precipitated down the stairs; by which fall, having his head crushed, his brains dashed out and his whole body mangled, he rendered his worthy soul to our Lord.
  • Also, the martyrdom of the Saints Paramon and his companions, to the number of three hundred and seventy-five, under the emperor Decius and the governor Aquilinus.
  • At Ancyra, St. Philomenus, martyr. During the persecution of the emperor Aurelian, under the governor Felix, he was first exposed to the flames, then having his hands, feet and head pierced with nails, consummated his martyrdom.
  • At Veroli, the holy martyrs Blasius and Demetrius.
  • At Todi, St. Illuminata, virgin.
Thanks be to God.

The Thirtieth Day of November

  • At Patras, in Achaia, the birthday of the apostle St. Andrew, who preached the gospel of Christ in Thrace and Scythia. Being apprehended by the proconsul AEgaeas, he was shut up in prison, severely scourged, and finally, being suspended on a cross, he lived two days on it, teaching the people. Having besought our Lord not to permit that he should be taken down from the cross, he was surrounded with a great brightness from heaven, and when the light disappeared he breathed his last.
  • At Rome, the martyrdom of the Saints Castulus and Euprepis.
  • At Constantinople, St. Maura, virgin and martyr.
  • Also, St. Justina, virgin and martyr.
  • At Saintes, the holy bishop Trojanus, a man of great sanctity, who shows by many miracles that he lives in heaven, though buried on earth.
  • At Rome, St. Constantius, confessor, who strongly opposed the Pelagians, and by enduring many injuries from them, gained a place among holy confessors.
  • In Palestine, blessed Zosimus, confessor, who was distinguished by sanctity and miracles in the time of the emperor Justin.
Thanks be to God.

Next: Roman Martyrology - December

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