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The Roman Martyrology - February

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In the language of the Church, Birthday refers to the day on which a Saint enters heaven. However, the Blessed Virgin and St. John the Baptist are exceptions to this rule.

The First Day of February

  • The birthday of St. Ignatius, bishop and martyr, who governed the church of Antioch, the third after the apostle St. Peter. Being condemned to the beasts in the persecution of Trajan, he was by that emperor sent to Rome in chains, where in the presence of the Senate he was subjected to the most frightful torments, and delivered to the lions, which lacerated him with their teeth, and made of him a sacrifice to Christ.
  • At Smyrna, St. Pionius, priest and martyr. After writing in defense of the Catholic faith, after suffering imprisonment in a loathsome dungeon, where by his exhortations he encouraged even to martyrdom many of his brethren, after enduring excruciating pains from being pierced with nails and laid on a hot fire, he ended his life happily for Christ. With him suffered fifteen others.
  • At Ravenna, the holy bishop Severus, whose great virtues deserved that he should be raised to the episcopate by the sign of a dove.
  • At Trois-Chateaux, in France, St. Paul, bishop, whose life was eminent for virtues, and whose death was made precious by miracles.
  • The same day, St. Ephrem, deacon of the church of Edessa, in the time of the emperor Valens. After suffering many trials for the faith of Christ and gaining great renown for holiness and learning, he went to rest in the Lord.
  • In Ireland, St. Bridget, virgin. One day, at her touch, the wood of an altar immediately sprouted into life, in testimony of her virginity.
  • At Castel-Florentino, in Tuscany, the blessed virgin Verdiana, a recluse of the Order of Vallumbrosa.
Thanks be to God.

The Second Day of February

  • The Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary, called by the Greeks Hypapante (meeting) of the Lord.
  • At Rome, on the Salarian road, the passion of St. Apronian, a notary. Whilst he was yet a Gentile, and was leading St. Sisinius out of prison, to present him before the governor Laodicius, he heard a voice from heaven saying, "Come ye, the blessed of my Father, possess the kingdom prepared for you from the beginning of the world." At once he believed, was baptized, and after confessing our Lord, received sentence of death.
  • Also, at Rome, the holy martyrs Fortunatus, Felician, Firmus and Candidus.
  • At Caesarea, in Palestine, St. Cornelius, a centurion, whom the blessed apostle Peter baptized, and raised to the episcopal dignity in that city.
  • At Orleans, the holy bishop Flosculus.
  • At Canterbury, in England, the birthday of St. Lawrence, bishop, who succeeded St. Augustine in the government of that church, and converted the king himself to the faith.
Thanks be to God.

The Third Day of February

  • At Sebaste, in Armenia, in the time of the governor Agricolaus, the passion of St. Blasius, bishop and martyr, who after working many miracles, was scourged a long time, and suspended on a tree where he was lacerated with iron combs. He was then imprisoned in a dark dungeon, thrown into a lake from which he came out safe, and finally, by order of the same judge, he and two boys were beheaded. Before him, seven women who were gathering the drops of his blood during his torture, were recognized as Christians, and after undergoing severe torments, were put to death by the sword.
  • In Africa, St. Celerinus, deacon, who was kept nineteen days in prison loaded with fetters, and confessed Christ gloriously in the midst of afflictions. By overcoming the enemy with invincible constancy, he showed to others the road to victory.
  • Also, the holy martyrs, Laurentinus, and Ignatius, his uncles, and Celerina, his grandmother, who had been previously crowned with martyrdom. They are highly praised in an epistle of St. Cyprian.
  • In the same country, the holy martyrs Felix, Symphronius, Hippolytus and their companions.
  • In the town of Gap, the holy bishops Tigides and Remedius.
  • At Lyons, the Saints Lupicinus and Felix, also bishops.
  • The same day, St. Anscharius, bishop of Bremen, who converted the Swedes and the Danes to the faith of Christ.
Thanks be to God.

The Fourth Day of February

  • At Florence, St. Andrew Corsini, bishop of Fiesoli, whose birthday is the 6th of January.
  • At Rome, St. Eutychius, who endured a glorious martrydom, and was buried in the cemetery of Callistus. Pope St. Damasus wrote an epitaph in verse for his tomb.
  • At Fossombrone, the holy martyrs Aquilinus, Geminus, Gelasius, Magnus and Donatus.
  • At Thmuis, in Egypt, in the persecution of Diocletian, the passion of blessed Philseas, bishop of that city, and of Philoromus, military tribune, who rejected the exhortations of their relations and friends to save themselves, offered themselves to death, and so merited immortal palms from God. With them was crowned with martyrdom a numberless multitude of the faithful of the same place, who followed the example of their pastor.
  • The same day, St. Rembert, bishop of Bremen.
  • At Troyes, St. Aventin, confessor. At Pelusium, in Egypt, St. Isidore, a monk renowned for merit and learning.
  • The same day, St. Gilbert, confessor,
  • In the town of Amatrice, in the diocese of Rieti, the decease of St. Joseph of Leonissa, of the Order of Minorite Capuchins, who suffered many afflictions from the Mahometans. As he was celebrated for his apostolic labors and miracles, he was placed on the list of holy confessors by the Sovereign Pontiff Benedict XIV.
Thanks be to God.

The Fifth Day of February

  • At Catania, in Sicily, in the time of the emperor Decius and the judge Quinctian, the birthday of St. Agatha, virgin and martyr. After being buffeted, imprisoned, tortured, racked, dragged over pieces of earthenware and burning coals, and having her breasts cut off, she consummated her sacrifice in prison while engaged in prayer. In Pontus, during the persecution of Maximian, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, some of whom had molten lead poured over them, others had sharp pointed reeds thrust under their nails, and were oftentimes horribly tormented in many other ways. Thus, by their glorious passion, they deserved at the hands of God palms of victory and unfading crowns.
  • At Alexandria, during the persecution of Decius, St. Isidore, martyr, who was beheaded for the faith of Christ by Numerian, general of the army.
  • In the kingdom of Japan, the passion of twenty-six martyrs, who, by being crucified for the Catholic faith, and pierced with lances, gloriously died in praising God and preaching that same faith. Pius IX. canonized them in 1862.
  • At Vienne, blessed Avitus, bishop and confessor, whose faith, labors and admirable learning protected France against the ravages of the Arian heresy.
  • At Brixen, the holy bishops Genuinus and Albinus, whose lives were illustrious for miracles.
Thanks be to God.

The Sixth Day of February

  • The Festival of St. Titus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, the birthday of St. Dorothy, virgin and martyr, who was stretched on the rack, then a long time scourged with boughs of the palm-tree, and finally condemned to capital punishment, under Sapricius, governor of that province. Her noble confession of Christ converted a lawyer named Theophilus, who was also tortured in a barbarous manner, and finally put to death by the sword.
  • The same day, the holy martyrs Saturninus, Theophilus, and Revocata.
  • At Emesa, in Phrenicia,in the time of the emperor Maximian, St. Silvanus, bishop, who, after having governed that church forty years, was delivered to the beasts with two other Christians, and having his limbs all mangled, received the palm of martyrdom.
  • At Clermont, in Auvergne, St. Antholiau, martyr. The same day, the holy bishops Vedastus and Amandus, who were illustrious by many miracles, both in life and death. The former governed the church of Arras, the latter that of Maestricht.
  • At Bologna, St. Guarinus, bishop of Palestrina and Cardinal, renowned for holiness of life.
Thanks be to God.

The Seventh Day of February

  • The holy abbot Romuald, founder of the monks of Camaldoli, whose birthday is the 19th of June.
  • At London, in England, the birthday of the blessed bishop Augulus, who terminated his career by martyrdom, and deserved to receive an eternal recompense.
  • In Phrygia, St. Adaucus, martyr, an Italian of noble birth, who was honored by the emperors with almost every dignity. Whilst he was still discharging the office of quaestor, he was judged worthy of the crown of martyrdom for his defence of the faith.
  • Also, many holy martyrs, inhabitants of the same city, whose leader was Adaucus, just named. As they were all Christians, and persisted in the confession of the faith, they were burned to death by the emperor Galerius Maximian.
  • At Heracles, in the reign of Licinius, St. Theodore, a military officer, who was beheaded, after undergoing many torments, and went victoriously to heaven.
  • In Egypt, St. Moses, a venerable bishop, who first led a solitary life in the desert, and being afterwards made bishop, at the request of Mauvia, queen of the Saracens, converted to the faith the greater part of that barbarous people, and, rich in merits, passed peacefully to his reward.
  • At Lucca, in Tuscany, the demise of St. Eichard, king of England.
  • At Bologna, St. Juliana, widow.
Thanks be to God.

The Eighth Day of February

  • ST. JOHN of Matha, confessor, founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity, for the redemption of captives, who reposed in the Lord on the 17th of December.
  • Also, St. Jerome AEmiliani, confessor, founder of the Congregation of Somascha, who slept in the Lord on the 8th of this month. He was numbered among the Saints by Clement XIII., his feast being assigned to the 20th of July.
  • At Rome, the holy martyrs Paul, Lucius, and Cyriacus.
  • In the Lesser Armenia, the birthday of the holy martyrs Denis, AEmilian and Sebastian.
  • At Alexandria, under the emperor Decius, the martyr St. Cointha, whom the Pagans seized, led to the idols and urged to adore them. As she refused witli horror, they put her feet in chains, and dragged her through the streets of the city, mangling her body in a barbarous manner.
  • At Constantinople, the birthday of the holy martyrs, monks of the monastery of Dins, who, bringing the letter of pope St. Felix against Acacius, were barbarously killed for their defence of the Catholic faith.
  • In Persia, in the time of king Cabades, the commemoration of the holy martyrs, who were put to death by various kinds of torments on account of their faith in Christ.
  • At Pavia, the bishop St. Juventius, who strenuously labored in preaching the Gospel.
  • At Milan, the demise of St. Honoratus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Verdun, in France, St. Paul, a bishop renowned for miracles. At Muret, near Limoges, the birthday of the abbot St. Stephen, founder of the Order of Grandmont, celebrated for his virtues and miracles.
  • In the monastery of Vallumbrosa, blessed Peter, cardinal and bishop of Albano, of the Congregation of Vallumbrosa, of the Order of St. Benedict, surnamed Igneus, because he passed through fire uninjured.
Thanks be to God.

The Ninth Day of February

  • At Alexandria, St. Cyril, bishop and doctor of the church. He is mentioned on the 28th of January.
  • In the same city, in the reign of Decius, the birthday of St. Apollonia, virgin, who had all her teeth plucked out by the persecutors; then having constructed and lighted a pyre, they threatened to burn her alive, unless she repeated certain impious words after them. Deliberating awhile with herself, she suddenly slipped from their grasp, and feeling an inspiration of the Holy Ghost, rushed voluntarily into the fire which they had prepared. The very authors of her death were struck with terror at the sight of a woman who was more willing to die than they to condemn her.
  • At Rome, the passion of the holy martyrs Alexander, and thirty-eight others crowned with him.
  • At Solum, in Cyprus, the holy martyrs Ammonius and Alexander.
  • At Antioch, under the emperor Valerian, St. Nicephorus, martyr, who was beheaded and thus received the crown of martyrdom.
  • In Africa, in a village called Lemelis, the holy martyrs Primus and Donatus, deacons, who were killed by the Donatists for defending an altar in the church.
  • In the monastery of St. Vandrille, St. Ansbert, bishop of Rouen.
  • At Canossa, in Apulia, of St. Sabinus, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Tenth Day of February

  • On Mount Cassino, St. Scholastica, a virgin, whose soul her brother, St. Benedict, the abbot, saw leaving her body in the form of a dove, and ascending to heaven.
  • At Rome, the holy martyrs Zoticus, Irenaeus, Hyacinthus, and Amantius.
  • In the same place, on the Lavican road, ten holy soldiers, martyrs.
  • Also at Rome, on the Appian way, St. Soteres, virgin and martyr, who was descended of a noble race, as St. Ambrose testifies, but for the love of Christ set at naught the consular and other dignities of her family. On her refusal to sacrifice to the gods, she was for a long time cruelly buffeted. After she had overcome various other torments, she was struck with the sword, and joyfully went to her heavenly spouse.
  • In Campania, St. Silvanus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Maleval, in the diocese of Siena, St. William, a hermit.
  • In the diocese of Roueu, St. Austreberta, a virgin renowned for miracles.
Thanks be to God.

The Eleventh Day of February

  • At Lourdes, in France, the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculate.
  • In Africa, during the persecution of Diocletian, the birthday of the holy martyrs Saturninus, a priest, Dativus, Felix, Ampelius, and their companions. They had, as was their custom, assembled for Mass, when they were seized by the soldiers and put to death, under the proconsul Anolinus.
  • In Numidia, in the same persecution, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who, refusing after their apprehension to deliver the holy Scriptures, conformably to the imperial edict, were given over to most painful torments and slain.
  • At Adrianople, the holy martyrs Lucius, bishop, and his companions. Lucius suffered much from the Arians under Constantius, and terminated his martyrdom in prison. The others, who were among the principal citizens, refusing to communicate with the Arians, just then anathematized in the Council of Sardica, were condemned to capital punishment by Count Philagrius.
  • At Lyons, St. Desiderius, bishop of Vienne, and martyr.
  • At Ravenna, St. Calocerus, bishop and confessor.
  • At Milan, St. Lazarus, bishop.
  • At Capua, St. Castrensis, bishop.
  • At Chateau-Landon, St. Severin, abbot of the monastery of Agaunum, by whose prayers the Christian king Clovis was delivered from a long sickness.
  • In Egypt, St. Jonas, a monk, eminent for virtues.
Thanks be to God.

The Twelfth Day of February

  • In Tuscany, on Mount Senario, the seven Holy Founders of the Order of Servites of the Blessed Virgin Mary. After a most austere kind of life, they died a death precious in the Lord, with a reputation for merits and prodigies. As one spirit of true fraternal love united them in life, and as the people joined them together in the same veneration after death, Leo. XIII. placed them together in the catalogue of the Saints.
  • At Barcelona, in Spain, in the time of the emperor Diocletian, St. Eulalia, virgin, who, being racked, torn with iron hooks, cast into the fire, and crucified, received the glorious crown of martyrdom.
  • In Africa, St. Damian, soldier and martyr.
  • At Carthage, the holy martyrs Modestus and Julian.
  • At Benevento, St. Modestus, deacon and martyr.
  • At Alexandria, the holy children Modestus and Ammonius.
  • At Antioch, St. Meletius, a bishop, who often suffered exile for the Catholic faith, and finally died at Constantinople and went to his reward. His virtues have been highly extolled by St. John Chrysostom and St. Gregory of Nyssa.
  • At Constantinople, St. Anthony, a bishop in the time of the emperor Leo VI. At Verona, St. Gaudentius, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Thirteenth Day of February

  • At Antioch, the holy prophet Agabus, of whom mention is made by St. Luke, in the Acts of the Apostles.
  • At Ravenna, in the time of the emperor Decius, and the governor Quinctian, the Saints Fusca, virgin, and her nurse, Maura, who endured many afflictions, were transpierced with a sword, and thus ended their martyrdom.
  • At Meletine, in Armenia, in the persecution of the same Decius, St. Polyeuctus, martyr, who, after many sufferings, obtained the crown of martyrdom.
  • At Lyons, St. Julian, martyr.
  • At Todi, St. Benignus, martyr.
  • At Rome, pope St. Gregory II., who strenuously opposed the impiety of Leo the Isaurian, and sent St. Boniface to preach the Gospel in Germany.
  • At Angers, the demise of the holy bishop Lucinius, a man venerable for his sanctity.
  • At Lyons, St. Stephen, bishop and confessor.
  • At Rieti, the abbot St. Stephen, a man of wonderful patience, at whose death, as is related by the blessed pope Gregory, the holy angels were present and visible to all.
  • At Prato, in Tuscany, St. Catharine de Ricci, a Florentine virgin, of the Order of St. Dominic, replenished with heavenly gifts, whom pope Benedict XIV. inscribed on the catalogue of holy virgins. She died rich in virtues and merits on the 2d of this month, but her festival is celebrated on this day.
Thanks be to God.

The Fourteenth Day of February

  • At Rome, on the Flaminian road, in the time of the emperor Claudius, the birthday of blessed Valentine, priest and martyr, who after having cured and instructed many persons, was beaten with clubs and beheaded.
  • Also, at Rome, the holy martyrs Vitalis, Felicula, and Zeno.
  • At Teramo, St. Valentine, bishop and martyr, who was scourged, committed to prison, and as he remained unshaken in his faith, was taken out of his dungeon in the dead of night and beheaded by order of Placidus, prefect of the city. In the same place, the holy martyrs Proculus, Ephebus and Apollonius, who, whilst watching by the body of St. Valentine, were arrested and put to the sword by the command of the exconsul Leontius.
  • At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Bassus, Anthony, and Protolicus, who were cast into the sea.
  • Also, the holy martyrs Cyrion, priest, Bassian, lector, Agatho, exorcist, and Moses, who perished in the flames and took their flight to heaven.
  • In the same city, the Saints Denis and Ammonius, who were beheaded.
  • At Ravenna, St. Eleuchadius, bishop and confessor.
  • In Bithynia, the abbot St. Auxentius. At Sorrento, St. Anthony, abbot, who, when the monastery' of Monte Cassino was devastated by the Lombards, withdrew into a solitude of the neighborhood, where, celebrated for holiness, he passed calmly to his repose in God. His body is daily glorified by many miracles, and particularly by the deliverance of possessed persons.
Thanks be to God.

The Fifteenth Day of February

  • At Brescia, in the time of the emperor Adrian, the birthday of the holy martyrs Faustinus and Jovita, who received the triumphant crown of martyrdom after many glorious combats for the faith of Christ.
  • At Rome, St. Craton, martyr. A short time after being baptized with his wife and all his household by the holy bishop Valentine, he was put to death with them.
  • At Teramo, St. Agape, virgin and martyr.
  • Also, the birthday of the holy martyrs Saturninus, Castulus, Magnus, and Lucius.
  • At Vaison, in France, St. Quinidius, bishop, whose death was precious in the sight of God, as is shown by frequent miracles.
  • At Capua, St. Decorosus, bishop and confessor. In the province of Valeria, St. Severus, a priest, of whom St. Gregory says, that by his tears he recalled a dead man to life.
  • At Antioch, St. Joseph, deacon.
  • At Clermont, in Auvergne, St. Georgia, virgin.
Thanks be to God.

The Sixteenth Day of February

  • The birthday of blessed Onesimus, concerning whom the apostle St. Paul wrote to Philemon. He made him bishop of Ephesus after St. Timothy, and committed to him the office of preaching. Being led a prisoner to Rome, and stoned to death for the faith of Christ, he was buried in that city; but his body was afterwards carried to the place where he had been bishop.
  • At Cumae, in Campania, the Translation of St. Juliana, virgin and martyr. Under the emperor Maximian, she was first severely scourged by her own father, Africanus, then made to suffer many torments by the prefect, Evilasius, whom she had refused to marry. Later being thrown into prison, she encountered the evil spirit in a visible manner. Finally, as a fiery furnace and a caldron of boiling oil could do her no injury, she terminated her martyrdom by decapitation.
  • In Egypt, St. Julian, martyr, with five thousand other Christians.
  • At Caesarea, in Palestine, the holy martyrs Elias, Jeremias, Isaias, Samuel, and Daniel, Egyptians, who of their own accord served the confessors of Christ condemned to labor in the mines of Cilicia, but were arrested on their return, and after being cruelly tortured by the governor Firmilian, under the emperor Galerius Maximian, were put to the sword. After them, St. Porphyry, servant of the martyr Pamphilus, and St. Seleucus, a Cappadocian, who had been victorious in several combats, being again exposed to torments, won the crown of martyrdom, the one by fire, the other by the sword.
  • At Arezzo, in Tuscany, blessed Gregory X., a native of Piacenza, who was elected Sovereign Pontiff while he was archdeacon of Liege. He held the second Council of Lyons, received the Greeks into the unity of the Church, appeased discords among Christians, made generous efforts for the recovery of the Holy Land, and governed the Church in the most holy manner. At Brescia, St. Faustinus, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Seventeenth Day of February

  • At Rome, the passion of St. Faustinus, whom forty-four others followed to receive the crown of martyrdom.
  • In Persia, during the persecution of Decius, the birthday of blessed Polychronius, bishop of Babylon, who, being struck in the mouth with stones, stretched out his hands, lifted up his eyes to heaven, and expired. At Concordia, the holy martyrs Donatus, Secundian, and Romulus, with eighty-six others, partakers of the same crown.
  • At Caesarea, in Palestine, St. Theodulus, an aged man, in the service of the governor Firmilian. Moved by the example of the martyrs, he confessed Christ with constancy, was fastened to a cross, and thus by a noble victory merited the palm of martyrdom.
  • In the same place, St. Julian, a Cappadocian, who, because he had kissed the relics of the martyrs, was denounced as a Christian, and led to the governor, who had him consumed with a slow fire.
  • In the territory of Terouanne, St. Silvinus, bishop of Toulouse.
  • In Ireland, St. Fintan, priest and confessor.
  • At Florence, blessed Alexius Falconieri, confessor, one of the seven Founders of the Order of the Servites of the blessed Virgin Mary, who, in the one hundred and tenth year of his age, terminated his blessed career in the consoling presence of Jesus Christ and the angels.
Thanks be to God.

The Eighteenth Day of February

  • At Jerusalem, the birthday of St. Simeon, bishop and martyr, who is said to have been the son of Cleophas, and a relative of the Saviour according to the flesh. He was consecrated bishop of Jerusalem after St. James, the brother of our Lord, and in the persecution of Trajan, after having endured many torments, he consummated his martyrdom. All who were present, even the judge himself, were astonished that a man one hundred and twenty years of age could bear the torment of crucifixion with such fortitude and constancy.
  • At Ostia, the holy martyrs Maximus and his brother Claudius, and Praepedigna, the wife of Claudius, with her two sons Alexander and Cutias, all of an illustrious family. By the order of Diocletian, they were apprehended and sent into exile. Afterwards being burned alive, they offered to God the sweet-smelling sacrifice of martyrdom. Their remains were cast into the river, but the Christians found them and buried them near that city.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Lucius, Sylvanus, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, Fructulus, and Maximus.
  • At Constantinople, the holy bishop Flavian, who for having defended the Catholic faith at Ephesus, was buffeted and kicked by the partisans of the impious Dioscorus, and being banished, ended his life within three days.
  • At Toledo, St. Helladius, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Ninteenth Day of February

  • At Rome, the birthday of St. Gabinus, priest and martyr, brother of the blessed pope Caius. Being loaded with chains and kept a long time in prison by Diocletian, he obtained the joys of heaven by a precious death.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Publius, Julian, Marcellus, and others.
  • In Palestine, the commemoration of the holy monks and other martyrs, who were barbarously massacred for the faith of Christ by the Saracens, under their leader Almondhar.
  • At Jerusalem, St. Zambdas, bishop.
  • At Soli, St. Auxibius, bishop.
  • At Benevento, St. Barbatus, a bishop illustrious for sanctity, who converted the Lombards and their chief to the faith of Christ.
  • At Milan, St. Mansuetus, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Twentieth Day of February

  • At Tyre, in Phoenicia, the commemoration of many blessed martyrs, whose number is known to God alone. Under the emperor Diocletian, they were put to death after a long and varied series of torments by the military commander Veturius. They were first lacerated with whips, and then delivered to several kinds of beasts. But, through the interposition of Providence, remaining unhurt, they consummated their martyrdom by the torment of fire and by the sword. This glorious multitude were incited to victory by the bishops Tyrannic, Silvanus, Peleus, and Nilus, and the priest Zenobius, who, together with them, won the palm of martyrdom by a successful combat.
  • In the island of Cyprus, the holy martyrs Pothamius and Nemesius. At Constantinople, St. Eleutherius, bishop and martyr.
  • In Persia, in the time of king Sapor, the birthday of St. Sadoth, bishop, and one hundred and twentyeight others, who refused to adore the sun, and by a cruel death purchased for themselves bright crowns.
  • At Catania, in Sicily, St. Leo, bishop, illustrious for virtues and miracles.
  • The same day, St. Eucherius, bishop of Orleans, whose miracles increased in proportion to the slanders of the envious.
  • At Tournai, in Belgium, St. Eleutherius, bishop and confessor.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-First Day of February

  • In Sicily, in the reign of Diocletian, the birthday of seventy-nine holy martyrs, who deserved by various torments to receive an immortal crown for the confession of their faith.
  • At Adrumetum, in Africa, during the persecution of the Vandals, the holy martyrs Verulus, Secundinus, Syricius, Felix, Servulus, Saturninus, Fortunatus, and sixteen others, who were crowned with martyrdom for the confession of the Catholic faith.
  • At Scythopolis, in Palestine, St. Severian, bishop and martyr.
  • At Damascus, St. Peter Mavimenus, who was killed by some Arabs who visited him in his sickness, because he said to them: "Whoever does not embrace the Christian and Catholic faith is lost, like your false prophet Mahomet."
  • At Ravenna, St. Maximian, bishop and confessor.
  • At Metz, St. Felix, bishop.
  • At Brescia, St. Paterius, bishop.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Second Day of February

  • The Chair of St. Peter at Antioch, where the disciples were first called Christians.
  • At Hierapolis, in Phrygia, blessed Papias, bishop of that city, who had been, with St. Polycarp, a disciple of St. John in his old age.
  • At Salamis, in Cyprus, St. Aristion, who the same Papias says was one of the seventy-two disciples of Christ.
  • In Arabia, the commemoration of many holy martyrs who were barbarously put to death under the emperor Galerius Maximian.
  • At Alexandria, St. Abilius, bishop, who was the second pastor of that city after St. Mark, and administered his charge with eminent piety.
  • At Vienna, St. Paschasius, bishop, celebrated for his learning and holy life.
  • At Cortona, in Tuscany, St. Margaret, of the Third Order of St. Francis, whose body miraculously remained incorrupt for more than four centuries, giving forth a sweet odor, and producing frequent miracles. It is honored in that place with great devotion.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Third Day of February

  • (In leap-year, the Vigil of St. Matthias is not announced today, because it is transferred to the 24th.) THE vigil of the apostle St. Matthias. At Faenza, St. Peter Dainian, Cardinal bishop of Ostia, and Doctor of the Church, celebrated for learning and sanctity.
  • At Sirmium, St. Sirenus, monk and martyr. By order of the emperor Maximian, he was arrested and beheaded, for confessing that he was a Christian.
  • In the same place, the birthday of seventy-two holy martyrs, who ended the combat of martyrdom in that city, and took possession of the everlasting kingdom.
  • At Rome, St. Polycarp, priest, who with blessed Sebastian converted many to the faith of Christ, and by his exhortations led them to the glory of martyrdom.
  • In the city of Astorga, St. Martha, virgin and martyr, under the emperor Decius, and the proconsul Paternus.
  • At Constantinople, St. Lazarus, a monk whom the Iconoclast emperor Theophilus ordered to be put to the torture for having painted holy images. His hand was burned with ia hot iron, but being healed by the power of God, he painted anew the holy pictures that had been defaced, and finally rested in peace.
  • At Berscia, St. Felix, bishop.
  • At Seville, in Spain, St. Florentius, confessor.
  • At Todi, St. Romana, virgin, who was baptized by pope St. Sylvester. She led a heavenly life in caves and dens, and wrought glorious miracles.
  • In England, St. Milburga, virgin, daughter of the king of Mercia.
  • (In leap-year, the 24th of February is announced in this manner: "The twenty-fourth Day of February. The vigil of the apostle St. Matthias. Also, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, confessors and virgins." On the 25th, read: "The twenty-fifth Day of February," and then: "In Judea, etc." as marked for the twenty-fourth)
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Fourth Day of February

  • In Judea, the birthday of the Apostle St. Matthias, who was chosen by lot by the apostles after the Ascension of our Lord in the place of the traitor Judas, and suffered martyrdom for preaching the Gospel.
  • At Rome, St. Primitiva, martyr.
  • At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, St. Sergius, martyr, of whose life a beautiful account still exists.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Montanus, Lucius, Julian, Victoricus, Flavian, and their companions. They were disciples of St. Cyprian, and suffered martyrdom under the emperor Valerian.
  • At Rouen, the passion of St. Praetextatus, bishop and martyr.
  • At Treves, St. Modestus, bishop and confessor.
  • In England, St. Ethelbert, king of Kent, converted to the faith of Christ by St. Augustine, bishop of the English.
  • At Jerusalem, the first finding of the head of our Lord's Precursor.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Fifth Day of February

  • In Egypt, in the time of the emperor Maximian, the birthday of the holy martyrs Victorinus, Victor, Nicephorus, Claudian, Dioscorus, Serapion, and Papias, under the emperor Numerian. The first two, having borne with constancy torments of refined cruelty for the confession of the faith, were beheaded. Nicephorus, after having been laid on a heated gridiron and on the fire, was hacked into small pieces. Claudian and Dioscorus were burned alive; Serapion and Papias were killed with the sword.
  • In Africa, the holy martyrs Donatus, Justus, Herena, and their companions.
  • At Rome, the birthday of pope St. Felix III., great-grandfather of St. Gregory the Great, who relates of him that he appeared to St. Tharsilla, his niece, and called her to the kingdom of heaven.
  • At Constantinople, St. Tharasius, bishop, a man of great erudition and piety, to whom is addressed an epistle of pope Adrian I., in defence of holy images.
  • At Nazianzus, St. Caesarius, whom his brother blessed Gregory the Theologian, says he saw among the hosts of the Blessed.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Sixth Day of February

  • At Pergen, in Pamphylia, during the persecution of Decius, the birthday of the blessed bishop Nestor, who, praying night and day for the preservation of the flock of Christ, was put under arrest. As he confessed the name of the Lord with great joy and freedom, he was most cruelly tortured on the rack, by order of the governor Pollio, and still courageously proclaiming that he would ever remain faithful to Christ, he was suspended on a cross ; and thus triumphantly went to heaven.
  • In the same place, the passion of Saints Papias, Diodorus, Conon, and Claudian, who preceded St. Nestor to martyrdom.
  • Also, the holy martyrs Fortunatus, Felix, and twenty-seven others.
  • At Alexandria, the bishop St. Alexander, an aged man held in great honor, who succeeded blessed Peter as bishop of that city. He expelled from the Church Arius, one of his priests, tainted with heretical impiety, and convicted by divine truth, and subsequently was one of the three hundred and eighteen Fathers who condemned him in the Council of Nicaea.
  • At Bologna, the bishop St. Faustinian, whose preaching strengthened and multiplied the faithful of that Church, which had been much afflicted during the persecution of Diocletian.
  • At Gaza, in Palestine, in the time of the emperor Arcadius, St. Porphyry, bishop, who overthrew the idol Marnas and its temple, and after many sufferings, went to rest in the Lord.
  • At Florence, St. Andrew, bishop and confessor.
  • In the territory of Arcis, St. Victor, confessor, whose enlogy was written by St. Bernard.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Seventh Day of February

  • At Rome, the birthday of the holy martyrs Alexander, Abundius, Antigonus, and Fortunatus.
  • At Alexandria, the passion of St. Julian, martyr. Although he was so afflicted with the gout that he could neither walk, not stand, he was taken before the judge with two servants, who carried him in a chair. One of these denied his faith, but the other, named Eunus, persevered with Julian in confessing Christ. Both were set on camels, led through the whole city, scourged, and burned alive in the presence of the people.
  • In the same city, St. Besas, a soldier, who was denounced to the judge, because he had reproved those who insulted the martyrs just mentioned. As he continued to proclaim his attachment to the faith, he was beheaded.
  • At Seville, in Spain, the birthday of St. Leander, bishop of that city, by whose preaching and labors, with the assistance of King Recared, the nation of the Visigoths was converted from the Arian impiety to the Catholic faith. At Constantinople, in the time of the emperor Leo, the holy confessors Basil and Procopius, who fought courageously for the worship of holy images.
  • At Lyons, St. Baldomer. a man of God, whose tomb is made illustrious by frequent miracles.
Thanks be to God.

The Twenty-Eighth Day of February

  • At Rome, the birthday of the holy martyrs Macarius, Rufinus, Justus, and Theophilus.
  • At Alexandria, the passion of the Saints Cserealis, Pupulus, Caius, and Serapion.
  • In the same city, in the reign of the emperor Valerian, the commemoration of the holy priests, deacons, and other Christians in great number, who encountered death most willingly by nursing the victims of a most deadly pestilence then raging. They have been generally revered as martyrs by the pious faithful.
  • In the territory of Lyons, on Mount Jura, the demise of St. Romanus, abbot, who was the first to lead the eremitical life there. His reputation for virtues and miracles brought under his guidance numerous monks.
  • At Pavia, the translation, from the island of Sardinia, of the body of St. Augustine, bishop, by Luitprand, king of the Lombards.
Thanks be to God.

Next: Roman Martyrology - March

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