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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



PROVERBS 14

 

CHAPTER XIV.

 

Ver. 1.  House.  Giving her children a proper education, and taking care of her house.  C. xii. 4. and Tit. ii. 5.  C.

 

Ver. 2.  And, is not in Heb. --- Is.  Heb. "but the perverse in his ways despiseth him;" (H.) shewing by his conduct that he cares not for the Lord.  C. --- Sept. "he shall be dishonoured, that," &c.

 

Ver. 3.  Pride.  He chastiseth with haughtiness, and is ever quarrelling.

 

Ver. 4.  Empty.  As the land has not bee cultivated.  H. --- Strength, or number of oxen.  C. --- "The virtue of the preachers is manifested where there are many converted to produce fruit."  S. Greg. vii. ep. viii.

 

Ver. 6.  Not.  Because they seek it ill, like the pagan sages.  Sept. "thou shalt seek wisdom among the wicked, and shalt not find it," &c.

 

Ver. 7.  Prudence.  Thou wilt presently perceive his weakness.  Heb. "abandon a," &c.  He is not capable of hearing reason: keep at a distance.

 

Ver. 8.  Way.  This science of the saints is the only true wisdom. --- Erreth.  They are inconstant.  Heb. "is deceit."  They are bent on it.

 

Ver. 9.  Sin.  C. x. 23.  Heb. "excuse sin," (C.) or "mock at sin," (H.) committed by others.  M. --- Grace, or good-will.  They are agreeable to all.  C.

 

Ver. 10.  Stranger.  Such cannot well comfort the afflicted.  A man is alone acquainted with the affections of his own heart.  Sept. "he mixeth not insult" (Sym.) "with strangers."

 

Ver. 12.  Death.  How many, under the garb of piety, follow their passions!  How many are misled by their singularity, or by unskilful directors!  C. --- We must suspect our own judgment.  M. --- If any Turks, Jews, or heretics, lead a moral good life, it seemeth both to themselves and to other ignorant people that they are in the right way to salvation; but their error in faith leadeth them to eternal damnation.  W. --- The persecutors thought they did God a service by putting the apostles to death.  Will they be excused?  H.

 

Ver. 13.  Laughter.  Sept. "with his counsels," enjoying the content of a good conscience, and a heavenly reward; while the wicked, with all his self-approbation, shall be punished.

 

Ver. 14.  Above him, Sept. "with content sorrow is not mixed."  H. --- Joy.  Such is the condition of earthly things.  Pind. Pyth. viii.

 

Ver. 15.  Innocent.  Good and unsuspecting; (Jos. ix. 14. and 1 Cor. xiii. 7.) or rather credulous.  1 Jo. iv. 1.  C. --- Sept. "the man who is not bad." --- Steps.  Sept. "repenteth."  H. --- No, &c.  This occurs (C. xiii. 13.) in several copies: but here it is omitted in Heb. &c.

 

Ver. 17.  Folly.  Wrath betrays us into great extravagances. --- Hateful.  Heb. also, "hateth" folly.  Sept. "the prudent beareth much."  Job v. 2.  C.

 

Ver. 20.  Many.  "Riches make friends, poverty tries them."  Syrus. --- False friends resemble swallows, which retire at the approach of winter.  Cic. ad Heren. iv.

 

Ver. 21.  He...mercy, is not found in Heb. Greek, or Lat. MSS.  C.

 

Ver. 22.  Truth.  Those who are kind and faithful.  H.  C. iii. 3. --- Sept. add, (C.) as a second version, (Grabe) "the workers of evils understand not mercy and truth: but kind and faithful actions are with those who do good."

 

Ver. 24.  Imprudence.  This they always betray, while the wise use their riches to assist their fellow-creatures, and receive a crown of glory.  H.

 

Ver. 28.  King.  Who formerly was styled "a shepherd," to remind him of the care with which he ought to seek the welfare of his subjects.  C.

 

Ver. 30.  Bones.  As a sound heart preserves the rest of the body, so a good intention often excuses from mortal sin, when the error is not gross.  But envy corrupts the works which seem good, and which cannot bear a strict examination.  S. Greg.  Mor. v. 34.  W. --- Envy ruins the health.  Menan. ap. Grot. --- Sept. "a too sensible heart is the," &c.  This is beautiful; but not quite conformable to the Heb.

 

Ver. 31.  Him.  God takes the poor under his special protection, (Matt. xxv. 40.) and is the distributor of all riches.  What would the rich do without the poor?  C.

 

Ver. 33.  And.  Prot. "but that which is in the midst of fools is made known."  H. --- A vessel full of gold makes no noise, while that which contains only a few pieces sounds much.  Munster.  Corn. a Lap. --- Thus the fool makes a parade of all that he knows.  C. --- Sept. "but in the heart of fools, it is not known."  H. --- Aquila and Theodotion have the negation, (C.) as well as the Syr. and Arab.  See c. v. 16.  Kennicott.

 

Ver. 34.  Miserable.  This sentence ought to be engraven in all public places.  Heb. "and mercy the sinful people," whom God spares on account of their alms-deeds, (Dan. iv. 24.) or "sin is the shame of peoples."  C. --- Montanus renders chesed mercy, and Pagnin "ignominy."  The former is scarcely intelligible, et misericordia populorum peccatum, unless sin be here taken for a sin-offering, (H.) as it is by Vatab. Grot. &c.  C.

 

Ver. 35.  Nothing.  Lit. "useless," which often means bad.  H. --- A servant who does not discharge his duty is such.  Heb. "he that causeth to blush," and has no economy.  C. --- Sept. "He removes shame by his good management.  Anger destroys the prudent; but a mild," &c.  H.

 

 








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