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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



2 PARALIPOMENON 30

 

CHAPTER XXX.

 

Ver. 1.  Manasses.  The pious king thought he might give a general invitation, without umbrage.  King Osee was not so impious as his predecessors.  4 K. xvii. 2.  Afflictions had made his people more docile.  The Jews say (C.) that the golden calves had been taken away by the Assyrians, and that the king removed the guards, which had been placed to hinder his subjects from repairing to Jerusalem.  M.  Salien, A. 3305. --- Ezechias writes privately to the house of Joseph, as the people were prouder on account of the royal dignity.  S. Jer. Trad.

 

Ver. 2.  Month.  The Rabbins pretend that the king intercalated the second Adar, contrary to the rule and advice of the wise, and the that he ought to have allowed those who were pure to celebrate the feast in due time.  Selden, Syn. ii. 1. --- But the Caraite Jews deny this pretended leap-year; and we see that Ezechias acted according to  the advice of the princes, and that the Scripture praises his conduct.  C. --- Those who had a lawful  impediment, were authorized to  put off the feast till the second month.  Num. ix. 10.  The nation was under this predicament, as they had not priests at hand, (T.) nor were they assembled.  D.

 

Ver. 5.  Many.  None had kept the Phase this year.  H. --- But those of Israel had not done it for a long time.  Grotius. --- Heb. "for they had not long before done according to the Scripture."  Sept. "the multitude had not done," &c.  C. --- Yet, even in the worst times, Tobias, (i. 6.) and other zealous souls, contrived to comply with their duty.  H.

 

Ver. 6.  Posts.  Lit. "runners or couriers."  H. --- King.  Heb. "kings."  Phul and Thelgathphalnasar.  The latter had taken away some tribes.  4 K. xv. 20. 29.  C.

 

Ver. 7.  Destruction.  Sept. "solitude."  Prot. "desolation."

 

Ver. 8.  Yield.  Lit. "give your hands," (H.) in sign of submission (C.) and fidelity.  Sept. "give glory."

 

Ver. 9.  Brethren.  God sometimes spares one for the sake of another.  H.

 

Ver. 10.  Zabulon.  Aser and Nephthali lay more to the north.  But they were also invited, as well as the few who might remain on the other side the Jordan.  1 Par. v. 26.  At least, we find that some of Aser came, v. 11.  Thus those, who had been invited last, came first, while Ephraim continued more stubborn; (v. 18) and the greatest part derided the messengers, as we still see too frequently verified in the days of the gospel.  H.

 

Ver. 11.  Yielding.  Sept. "were converted."  Prot. "humbled themselves, and came."  H.

 

Ver. 12.  Hand; grace (M.) and power, to endure such unanimity.

 

Ver. 14.  Burnt, both vessels and altars.  C. --- To idols, corresponding with the Sept. "the false ones," and is added by way of explanation, unless it be lost in Hebrew.  The illegal (H.) altars had been set up by Achaz.  C. xxviii. 24.  M.

 

Ver. 15.  At length.  Sept. "were converted."  Heb. "ashamed, and sanctified themselves."  H. --- The ceremonies of purification for priests were longer, (C. xxix. 34.) and the sacred ministers were ashamed to be outdone by the people.  M.

 

Ver. 16.  Levites, who received the paschal lambs from the unsanctified.  M. --- The law does not require the ministry of the tribe of Levi for this purpose, as each one might kill the paschal victim at home.  But the people were not sufficiently purified on this occasion.  Lyran. --- At other times, laics killed the victims, if they were clean.  Ex. xii. 6.  After the tabernacle was set up, the priests poured out the blood on the altar; and, in latter ages, they slew the victim according to Grotius.  But the texts of Josephus (x. 5. and Bel. vi. 45. Lat. vii. 17.  H.) are inconclusive; and Philo repeatedly assert that, on one day, the law authorizes all the people to sacrifice: and, though he lived at Alexandria, his testimony respecting a fact of public notoriety, is not to be rejected.  Only the unclean applied to the Levites on this occasion, and the latter had no more right to sacrifice than the rest.  C.

 

Ver. 17.  For.  Prot. "for every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto the Lord."  Sept. "not able to be purified to the Lord."  H. --- The priests alone continued to pour the blood on the altar, till the destruction of the temple.  C.

 

Ver. 18.  Ephraim and....Issachar had not been mentioned before, v. 18.  H. --- Some indulgence was shewn to the tribes of Israel, which had been so long rebellious, for fear lest they should return no more; and because they had shewn a good will in procuring the Levites to slay the victims for them, as that was rightly judged a more sacred action than to partake of the feast.  The law forbade, nevertheless, the unclean to approach to any thing sacred.  Lev. xv. 31. and xxii. 4.  Num. ix. 6.  C. --- But a dispensation was granted, (M.) as the Passover could not be celebrated in any but the first or the second month.  The people had come with such eagerness, that they had not time to acquire the purity required.  C. --- They were however truly penitent, and God dispensed with them.  W.

 

Ver. 20.  Merciful; lit. "appeased."  Heb. and Sept. "healed."  S. Jerom (Trad.) says, "It was asserted that no unclean person could taste the Phase, but death presently ensued; and they understood that the Lord was appeased, because those who eat did not die."  H. --- Heb. girpa may, however, denote that God "pardoned," or did not impute the uncleanness to the people.  Schindler, and C. xxxvi. 16. and Isai. vi. 10.

 

Ver. 21.  Days.  It seems all the observances had been omitted in the first month.  The Jews teach, that those who have complied with those prescriptions, which require no particular purity, are not bound to keep the festival for seven days, nor to abstain from leavened bread the second month. --- That agreed.  Heb. and Sept. "of strength," sonorous, (M.) which they played on with all their force, or which sounded for the divine power.  C.

 

Ver. 22.  Heart; encouraged them to bear the fatigue for other seven days. --- Lord; being of good dispositions, (C.) and able musicians.  Sa.  M. --- Praising.  Prot. "making confession to."  But the sense is the same.  H. --- During the seven days, unleavened bread and peace-offerings were used, v. 24.  C.

 

Ver. 23.  Joy, though not prescribed by the law.  M. --- This we should call a work of supererogation, (W.) which gives Prot. so much offence.  H.

 

Ver. 25.  Proselytes, who had embraced the Jewish law: the rest were not allowed to partake of the paschal victims.  Ex. xii. 48.

 

Ver. 26.  Israel: as many of the tribes came to join with their brethren of Juda.

 

Ver. 27.  Levites.  These only applauded the solemn blessings, which were given by the priests.  Num. vi. 24.  C. --- God is said to reside in heaven, because he there displays his glory to the blessed.  D.

 

 

2 PARALIPOMENON 31

 

CHAPTER XXXI.

 

Ver. 1.  Manasses, whether king Osee consented, or the people of Juda followed the dictates of their zeal, neglecting the regular order of things, which forbids the subjects of one kingdom to interfere thus with those of another.  Grotius.  S. Aug. q. in Deut. vii. and 12. --- If Ezechias gave orders, we may suppose that he was assured of his neighbour's consent.  Josias (C. xxxiv. 6.) followed his example after most part of Israel was led away captive, and the country obeyed the king of Assyria.  C.

 

Ver. 2.  Praise: lit. "confess."  H. --- There is a confession of God's perfections, as well as of sin.  W. --- Gates, within their respective courts.  C. --- The Turks style the palace of their emperor, "the sublime porte."  H. --- Camp, or temple.  Sept. "in the gates, in the courts of the house of the Lord."  M. --- Grabe has not in the gates.  H. --- We know that they did not sing there, but in the courts, (C.) or halls.  H.

 

Ver. 3.  Substance.  Since David had place the ark in the palace of Sion, it seems the kings had furnished the solemn victims for morning and evening, on all the festivals.  Solomon also engaged to do it every day; and his magnificence herein astonished the queen of Saba.  C. viii. 13. and ix. 4. and 3 K. ix. 25.  Ezechiel (xlv.) assigns revenues to the prince for this purpose; but, as the people were often without any, they paid each the third part of a sicle, to furnish the victims.  2 Esd. x. 32.  C. --- The king did not wish to exempt himself from contributing, while he required that the people should support the priests.  The troublesome times had greatly impaired the revenues of the temple, &c.  T.

 

Ver. 4.  Portion.  Lit. "parts," (H.) first-fruits and tithes.  M. --- Lord, without being taken off by worldly cares.  It would be well if Christian princes would make an adequate provision for the ministers of religion: (v. 16.  T.) as the law of nature dictates, that those who serve the public should be supported by it.  D.

 

Ver. 5.  Honey for the priests, not for sacrifice.  Lev. ii. 11.  It may include dates, or palm wine.  See Pliny xiii. 4.  C. --- Forth; only wheat, barley, the fruits of vine, olive, pomegranate, fig, and palm-trees.  R. Solomon.  Lev. xxvii. 30.  C.

 

Ver. 6.  Things, out of which the Levites had to give tithes to the priests.  Lyran.  Num. xviii. 26.  M. --- Vowed.  Heb. "consecrated to....God, and laid them in heaps."  H.

 

Ver. 7.  Them, bringing from Pentecost till the harvest was ended.

 

Ver. 10.  Sadoc, being his grandson, (1 Par. vi. 12.  C.) or the father of Sellum.   Jun. --- People, with abundance; so that more would belong to the priests.  C.
 

Ver. 11.  Storehouses.  Sept. pastoforia.  Solomon had prepared such.  T. --- But they had gone to ruin, and others might be requisite.  C. --- The old granaries were to be repaired.  M. --- People brought their first-fruits to the temple: but the Levites gathered the tithes, and gave a share to the priests, and to those who were on duty.  2 Esd. x. 36.

 

Ver. 12.  Second; his vicar or coadjutor.  C.  C. xxvi. 11. and xxviii. 7.  M.

 

Ver. 13.  High: lit. "pontiff."  H. --- Heb. "captain."  He is styled first priest, v. 10.  C. --- To whom, &c. is neither in Heb. nor in the Sept.  M.  C.  D.

 

Ver. 14.  And of.  Prot. "To distribute the oblations of the Lord, and the most holy things," (H.) to the priests.

 

Ver. 16.  Besides, (exceptis.  C.) not to mention.  H.  See Lev. xxiii. 38.  Girls are included, v. 18.  It is supposed (C.) that children were at the breast till they were three years old, and therefore no portion is assigned them before.  Mariana.

 

Ver. 17.  Upward.  Ezechias followed the regulation of David, rather than that of Moses, who deferred the service till the 25th or 30th year.  Num. iv. 3. and viii. 24.  1 Paralipomenon xxiii. 24.

 

Ver. 18.  To all.  Prot. "the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation: for in their set office they sanctified themselves in holiness."  H. --- All complied with their respective duties; the people, the distributors, and the priests.  C.

 

Ver. 19.  Aaron.  Heb. and Sept. add, "the priests," (M.) which is sufficiently understood. --- And in.  Heb. "of."  H.

 

Ver. 20.  God.  This is the highest praise that can be given to a prince; and, in effect, we read there was none like him.  4 K. xviii. 5.  C. --- Sept. omit and truth.  Ezechias loved it, and sincerely desired to serve the Lord.  H.

 

 








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