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Abbey of Arbroath
This monastery was founded on the east coast of Scotland (1178) by William the Lion, for Benedictines, and was colonized by monks from Kelso. The foundation was in honour of St. Thomas of Canterbury, martyred eight years previously, with whom William had been on terms of personal friendship. At his death in 1214 William was buried in the eastern portion, then just finished, of the noble church, which was completed in 1233. It had a choir of three bays and a nave of nine, with side aisles, two transepts, a central and two western towers. The monastery was richly endowed by William and his successors, and by various Scottish barons, and was one of the most opulent in the kingdom. The monks constructed a harbour, and fixed a bell on the Inchcape Rock as a warning to mariners. The last Abbot of Arbroath was David Beaton, Archbishop of St. Andrews. After the Reformation the revenues were bestowed on the Hamiltons, the abbey being erected into a temporal lordship. Services were held up to 1590 in the lady-chapel, "stripped of its altars and images." The existing ruins of the church are considerable and imposing, but of the conventual buildings only a few fragments remain.
HAY, History of Arbroath (Arbroath, 1876); MACKENZIE-WALCOTT, Scoti-Monasticon (London, 1874); Liber S. Thomoe de Aberbrothok, ed. COSMO INNES; MlLLER, Arbroath and its Abbey (Edinburgh, 1860); GORDON, Monasticon (Glasgow, 1868); SINCLAIR, Statistical Account of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1791).