ST. LANDRY, C., IN LATIN, LANDERICUS, BISHOP OF
HE succeeded Audobert in that see, in the reign of
Clovis II., about the year 650. In a great famine he distributed
among the poor all his own little furniture, and melted down for
their use the sacred vessels of the church From the first foundation
of ecclesiastical revenues under the Christian emperors, it was a
customary law for every bishop to erect and maintain a general
hospital, which was usually situated near the cathedral. Thus the
ancient Lateran hospital stands near the basilic of that name in
Rome, and Saint Landry is said to have first founded in this manner
the Hôtel-Dieu in Paris, near his cathedral, the church of our
Lady, upon the spot where the palace of Erchinoald, mayor of the
palace, before stood. That hospital is served by one hundred nuns,
and fifty novices of the order of Hospitallers, following the rule of
St. Austin. They watch almost every motion of the poor patients with
incredible tenderness and patience, giving them all allowances if not
contrary to their health. This hospital seems the largest in the
world for the sick, but it is too much crowded for want of space;
that at Milan is more numerous, but receives the poor that are well.
But the hospitals of the Holy Ghost, and of St. Philip Neri at Rome,
seem the best regulated in the universe See Henschenius and
Papebroke, t. 2, Junij, p. 293.
St. Landry was buried in the church of St. Germain
l’Auxerrois, which was then called St. Vincent’s, as was
also the church and abbey since called of St. Germain-des Prez. His
relics are kept in a silver shrine in the same church of St.
Germain-l’Auxerrois, except two bones which were given in 1408
to the parish church of St. Landry, which was originally a chapel
near the saint’s house in which he was accustomed to pray. St.
Landry subscribed, with twenty-three other bishops, the charter given
by Clovis II. in 653 to the monastery of St. Denys, the original of
which, written on Egyptian paper, is still preserved.1 He is honored
with an office in the new Paris Breviary.*