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ST. LEONIDES, M.

THE emperor Severus, in the year 202, which was the tenth of his reign raised a bloody persecution, which filled the whole empire with martyrs, but especially Egypt. The most illustrious of those, who by their triumphs ennobled and edified the city of Alexandria, was Leonides, father of the great Origen. He was a Christian philosopher, and excellently versed both in the profane and sacred sciences. He had seven sons, the eldest of whom was Origen,* whom he brought up with abundance of care, returning God thanks for having blessed him with a son of such an excellent disposition for learning, and a very great zeal for piety. These qualifications endeared him greatly to his father, who, after his son was baptized, would come to his bedside while he was asleep, and, opening his bosom, kiss it respectfully, as being the temple of the Holy Ghost. When the persecution raged at Alexandria under Lætus, governor of Egypt, in the tenth year of Severus Leonides was cast into prison. Origen, who was then only seventeen years of age, burned with an incredible desire of martyrdom, and sought every opportunity of meeting with it. But his mother conjured him not to forsake her: and seeing his ardor redoubled at the sight of his father’s chains, was forced to lock up all his clothes to oblige him to stay at home. So, not being able to do any more, he wrote a letter to his father in very moving terms, strongly exhorting him to look on the crown that was offered him with courage and joy; adding this clause: “Take heed, sir, that for our sakes you do not change your mind.” Leonides was accordingly beheaded for the faith, in 202. His estates and goods being all confiscated and seized for the emperor’s use, his widow was left with seven children to maintain, in the poorest condition imaginable; but divine providence was both her comfort and support. Suidas informs us, that St. Leonides was honored with the episcopal character; which Dom. Vincent de la Rue confirms by the authority of two Vatican MS. copies of St. Jerom’s catalogue of illustrious writers. See Euseb. Hist.1. 6, c. 12, and Chron. ad an. 10, Severi. Also St. Jerom, Catal. c. 54.








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