ST. ÆDESIUS, M.
HE was brother to St. Apian, who received his
crown at Cæsarea, on the 2d of April, and a native of Lycia,
had been a professed philosopher, and continued to wear the cloak
after his conversion to the faith. He was long a scholar of St.
Pamphilus at Cæsarea. In the persecution of Galerius Maximianus
he often confessed his faith before magistrates, had sanctified
several dungeons, and been condemned to the mines in Palestine. Being
released from thence, he went into Egypt, but there found the
persecution more violent than in Palestine itself, under Hierocles,
the most barbarous prefect of Egypt, for Maximinus Daia, Cæsar.
This governor had also employed his pen against the faith, presuming
to put the sorceries of Apollonius of Tyana upon a level with the
miracles of Christ, whom Eusebius confuted by a book entitled,
Against Hierocles. Ædesius being at Alexandria, and observing
how outrageously the judge proceeded against the Christians, by
tormenting grave men, and delivering women of singular piety, and
even virgins, to the infamous purchasers of slaves, he boldly
presented himself before this savage monster, rather than a man, and
reproached him with his crying inhumanity, especially in exposing
holy virgins to lewdness. He endured courageously the scourge, and
the greatest torments which the rage of such a tyrant was capable of
inventing, and was at length cast into the sea, in 306, after the
same manner as his brother, who obtained his crown a little while
before, as the Chaldaic acts expressly inform us, though Henschenius
is of the contrary opinion. See Eusebius on the martyrs of Palestine,
ch. 5, and the martyr’s Chaldaic acts in Assemani, t. 2, p.