ABBOT of Arsinoe, in Upper Egypt. He governed ten
thousand monks, dispersed in the deserts and monasteries near that
town. These religious men hired themselves to the farmers of the
country to till their lands and reap their corn; joining assiduous
prayer and other exercises of their state with their labor. Each man
received for his wages twelve artabes, or about forty Roman bushels
or modii, says Palladius: all which they put into the hands of their
holy abbot. He gave to every one a sufficient allowance for his
subsistence during the ensuing year, according to their abstemious
manner of living. The remainder was all distributed among the poor.
By this economy, all the necessities of the indigent in that country
were supplied, and several barges loaded with corn were sent yearly
by the river to Alexandria, for the relief of the poor of that great
city. St. Serapion was honored with the priesthood, and with
admirable sanctity applied himself to the sacred functions of the
ministry: yet found time to join his brethren in their penitential
labor, not to lose his share in their charity. His name is inserted
by Canisius in his Germanic Martyrology on tins day, from certain
copies of the Greek Menæa. See Palladius, c. 76, p. 760; Rufin.
Vit. Patr.1. 2. c. 18; Sozomen,1. 6, c. 28.