ST. PACIAN, BISHOP OF BARCELONA, C.
WAS a great ornament of the church in the fourth
century. He was illlustrious by birth, and had been engaged in
marriage in the world. His son Dexter was raised to the first
dignities in the empire, being high chamberlain to the emperor
Theodosius, and præfectus-prætorio under Honorius. St.
Pacian having renounced the world, was made bishop in 373. St. Jerom,
who dedicated to him his Catalogue of illustrious men, extols his
eloquence and learning, and more particularly the chastity and
sanctity of his life. We have his Exhortation to Penance, and three
letters to Sympronianus, a Novatian nobleman, on Penance, and on the
name of Catholic; also a sermon on Baptism. See St. Jerom, Catal.
Vir. Illust. c. 106, p. 195 t. 4; Ceillier, t. 6; Tillem. t. 8.