ST. PRISCA, V. M.
SHE was a noble Roman lady, and after many
torments finished her triumph by the sword, about the year 275. Her
relics are preserved in the ancient church which bears her name in
Rome, and gives title to a cardina She is mentioned in the
sacramentary of St. Gregory, and in almost all western Martyrologies.
The acts of her martyrdom deserve no regard: St. Paul, in the last
chapter of his epistle to the Romans, salutes Aquila, a person of
Pontus, of Jewish extraction, and Priscilla, whom he and all churches
thanked, because they had exposed themselves for his sake. He
mentions the church which assembled in their house, which he
attributes to no other among the twenty-five Christians whom he
saluted, and were then at Rome. This agrees with the immemorial
tradition at Rome, that St. Peter consecrated an altar, and baptized
there in an urn of stone, which is now kept in the church of St.
Prisca. Aquila and Priscilla are still honored in this church, as
titular patrons with our saint, and a considerable part of their
relics lies under the altar. Aquila and Priscilla were tent-makers,
and lived at Corinth when they were banished from Rome under
Claudius: she who is called Priscilla in the Acts of the Apostles,
and Epistles to the Romans, and first to the Corinthians, is named
Prisca in the second to Timothy. See the Roman Martyrology on the
18th of January and the 8th of July; also Chatelain, not. p. 333.