ST. EGWIN, B. C.
HE was of the royal blood of the Mercian kings,
devoted himself to the divine service in his youth, and succeeded
Ostfor in the episcopal see of Worcester, in 692. By his zeal and
severity in reproving vice, he stirred up some of his own flock to
persecute him, which gave him an opportunity of performing a
penitential pilgrimage to Rome. Some legends tell us, that setting
out he put on his legs iron shackles, and threw the key into the
river Severn, others say the Avon; but found it in the belly of a
fish, some say at Rome, others in his passage from France to England.
After his return, with the assistance of Coenred or Kenred, king of
Mercia, he founded the famous abbey of Evesham, under the invocation
of the Blessed Virgin. After this he undertook a second journey to
Rome, in the company of Coenred, king of the Mercians, and of Offa,
of the East Saxons, who gave up their temporal principalities to
labor with greater earnestness to secure an eternal crown. St. Egwin
died on the 30th of December, in 717, and was buried in the monastery
of Evesham. His body was translated to a more honorable place in
1183, probably on the 11th of January, on which day many English
Martyrologies mark his festival. See his life in Capgrave, the Annals
of Worcester, in Wharton’s Anglia Sacra; Malmesbury,1. 4, de
Pontif. Ang. Harpsfield. Sæc. 8, c. 15, 18, and Dr. Thomas in
his History of the Cathedral of Worcester. Monast. Anglic. vol. 1, p.
144, and vol. 2, p. 851. Leland’s Collections, vol. 1, pp. 240
and 298; vol. 3, p. 160 Dr. Brown Willis, History of Abbeys, t. 1, p.