Holy Rule Of Saint Benedict
Of the Clothing and the Footgear of the Brethren
Let clothing be given to the brethren according to the circumstances of
the place and the nature of the climate in which they live, because in
cold regions more is needed, while in warm regions less. This
consideration, therefore, resteth with the Abbot. We believe, however,
that for a temperate climate a cowl and a tunic for each monk are
sufficient,--a woolen cowl for winter and a thin or worn one for
summer, and a scapular for work, and stockings and shoes as covering
for the feet. Let the monks not worry about the color or the texture of
all these things, but let them be such as can be bought more cheaply.
Let the Abbot, however, look to the size, that these garments are not
too small, but fitted for those who are to wear them.
Let those who receive new clothes always return the old ones, to be put
away in the wardrobe for the poor. For it is sufficient for a monk to
have two tunics and two cowls, for wearing at night and for washing.
Hence, what is over and above is superfluous and must be taken away.
So, too, let them return stockings and whatever is old, when they
receive anything new. Let those who are sent out on a journey receive
trousers from the wardrobe, which, on their return, they will replace
there, washed. The cowls and the tunics should also be a little better
than the ones they usually wear, which they received from the wardrobe
when they set out on a journey, and give back when they return.
For their bedding, let a straw mattress, a blanket, a coverlet, and a
pillow be sufficient. These beds must, however, be frequently examined
by the Abbot, to prevent personal goods from being found. And if
anything should be found with anyone that he did not receive from the
Abbot, let him fall under the severest discipline. And that this vice
of private ownership may be cut off by the root, let everything
necessary be given by the Abbot; namely, cowl, tunic, stockings, shoes,
girdle, knife, pen, needle, towel, writing tablet; that all pretence of
want may be removed. In this connection, however, let the following
sentence from the Acts of the Apostles always be kept in mind by the
Abbot: "And distribution was made to every man according as he had
need" (Acts 4:35). In this manner, therefore, let the Abbot also have
regard for the infirmities of the needy, not for the bad will of the
envious. Yet in all his decisions, let the Abbot think of God's