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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



JEREMIAS 23

 

CHAPTER XXIII.

 

Ver. 1.  Pastors.  Successors of Josias (C.) and false prophets.  M.

 

Ver. 3.  Multiplied.  The prophets subjoin tidings of peace to such as might cause affliction.  Theodoret.

 

Ver. 4-5.  Pastors; Zorobabel, &c. as figures of Christ, and of the pastors of his Church. --- No more, as much as formerly.  So many expressions must be understood. --- Branch.  Sept. "orient." --- Reign.  Zorobabel was not chief governor, (C.) though at the head of his tribe.  H. --- The kingdom of Christ was not of this world.  Jo. xviii. 36.  C. --- He alone imparts justice to others.  W.

 

Ver. 6.  Saved: less disturbed.  The world shall be redeemed.  Lu. ii. 14.  Eph. ii. 14. --- Just.  Heb. "Justice," by whom we are made just.  He is the true God.  Col. ii. 9. 14.  No man could bear this title: and Grotius insidiously attempts to apply it to the Jews, though the Chal. &c. clearly speak of the Messias.  He must be read with great caution.  C. --- Sept. "This is his name, which the Lord will call him, Josedech.  In the prophets.  9. My," &c.  H. --- Josedech means "the Lord justice."  C. --- Sym. "Lord, justify us."

 

Ver. 8.  Land.  The deliverance from Egypt and Babylon were emblems of man's redemption, which was accomplished by far greater miracles.

 

Ver. 9.  Prophets of falsehood.  He directs his discourse to them, and afterwards to the priests, being filled with amazement at their impending ruin.

 

Ver. 10.  Adulterers; impostors or idolaters. --- Cursing of the Lord, or the abuse of his sacred name.  C. --- Unlike.  Heb. "not right."  H.

 

Ver. 11.  Defiled.  Heb. "hypocrites."  My priests retain the appearance of religion, to join with impostors in deluding the people.

 

Ver. 14.  Jerusalem.  These were far worse, as they pretended to be inspired by God, whereas those of Samaria publicly adhered to Baal; so that the people must have been foolish to have been deceived by them.  C.

 

Ver. 15.  Gall, or something mortally bitter.  C. ix. 15. H.

 

Ver. 16.  Own.  To rely on private judgment, and not on the Church, is a mark of falsehood.  W.

 

Ver. 17.  Blaspheme.  Heb. "despise;" or Sept. "reject disdainfully the word of the Lord, you," &c.  C. vi. 14. and viii. 11.

 

Ver. 18.  Counsel.  Heb. "secret."  Which of you is acquainted with his designs?  I will inform you, that your perdition is at hand.  v. 20.  C.

 

Ver. 21.  Not send.  The want of mission proves a prophet or preacher to be false.  W.

 

Ver. 22.  I should.  Some copies read avertissent, "they would have turned," conformably with the Heb. &c. and we should suspect that this was a mistake of the transcriber, if S. Jerom did not agree with the Vulg. in his commentary, (C.) though not in express terms: (H.) "I also should not have abandoned them to impurity...Let us behold how heretics, having once given way to despair,...seek the gratification of their sensual appetite."  S. Jer.

 

Ver. 23.  Off?  Can you so easily penetrate my designs, or escape my fury?  Am I like your idols of yesterday?  Sept. and Theodot. "I am a God at hand," &c. which agrees with the sequel.  C.

 

Ver. 27.  Dreams, as if God had favoured them with his revelations.  H. --- Fathers; the false prophets of Baal, whom these imitate.

 

Ver. 28.  Dream, to those who are really sent by God, (C.) and recognized.  1 Cor. xiv. 29.  H.

 

Ver. 29.  Pieces?  True prophets will have a zeal fo the conversion of souls.  C. xx. 9.  Heb. iv. 12.

 

Ver. 30.  Neighbour, causing those whom I have sent to be disregarded.

 

Ver. 31.  Use.  Hebrew also, "sharpen, or render smooth," and insinuating.  Ps. xlix. 16.  C.

 

Ver. 32.  Wonders.  Prot. "lightness."  Sept. "frauds," or pretended miracles.  H. --- False prophets cannot work true miracles: but it is more difficult to distinguish these than the former mark of being lawfully sent.  v. 21.  W.

 

Ver. 33.  Burden, Massa, (H.) denotes a weight, or sometimes a prediction.  C.

 

Ver. 34.  Burden of the Lord.  This expression is here rejected and disallowed, at least for those times: because it was then used in mockery and contempt by the false prophets, and unbelieving people, who ridiculed the repeated threats of Jeremias under the name of his burdens.  Ch.

 

Ver. 35.  Answered.  I will make you alter your language by chastisements.

 

Ver. 39.  Take.  Heb. of the Masorets, (C.) "I, even I, will utterly forget (Prot.  H.) or abandon you."  Chal.  But the sense of the Sept. and Vulg. seems preferable.  C.

 

 








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