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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



JEREMIAS 18

 

CHAPTER XVIII.

 

Ver. 2.  Potter's.  Thus God would shew his dominion over all.  Rom. ix. 21.

 

Ver. 3.  Wheel.  Heb. "stones."  Sept. "seats;" or "wheel."  Chal.  Ex. i. 16.  See Eccle. xxxviii. 32.  C.

 

Ver. 4.  Broken.  So Providence ordered it.  S. Jer. --- How should this idea humble man!  C. --- A potter may mould afresh the clay as long as it is soft, but God can change the hardest heart.  W.

 

Ver. 8.  Shall repent, having free-will, though prevented by grace.  S. Jer.

 

Ver. 12.  Hopes.  C. ii. 25.  Sept. "we are valiant men."  H.

 

Ver. 13.  Virgin.  The disorders of Israel are thus enhanced.  C.

 

Ver. 14.  Snow.  It continues on Libanus seven or eight months, (La Roque quoted. Univ. Hist. ii. p. 363) or all the year; (Tacit. Hist. v. 6.) and hence the mountain is justly denominated "white," as the Alps and Albion are from albon.  Bochart. Parkhurst, p. 155.  H. --- Away.  Yet my people abandon me, to serve idols!  Heb. may have many other senses to the same purpose.  Sept. "Shall the mountain springs fail, or snow from Libanus?  Shall a stream forcibly driven by the wind, turn aside?"  H. --- The laws of nature are observed by inanimate things, and shall my people be so foolish as to follow mere vanity.

 

Ver. 15.  Ancient; followed by the patriarchs.  C. vi. 16.

 

Ver. 16.  Head, through contempt (C.) and pity.  Lam. ii. 15.

 

Ver. 17.  Burning.  Heb. kadim, "eastern," (H.) coming from Desert Arabia.  Ex. x. 13.  C. --- Back.  Thus the Lord now treats the synagogue.  S. Jer.

 

Ver. 18.  Prophet.  Jeremias will not cease to upbraid us with our transgressions; or we have guides as good as him, and we shall not be left destitute, as he would intimate. --- Tongue, detraction; or make him suffer for what he says.  In all the transactions of this prophet, Christ was foreshewn; (C.) and here, particularly, the Jews demand the crucifixion.  S. Jer.  W.

 

Ver. 20.  Remember, &c.  This is spoken in the person of Christ, persecuted by the Jews, and prophetically denouncing the evils that should fall upon them in punishment for their crimes.  Ch. --- Jeremias had prayed earnestly for the people.  C. xiv. 17.  H.

 

Ver. 21.  Therefore.  He foretells of the event, and approves of the chastisement of the impenitent, (C.) whose "impurity might be a bad precedent for others.  S. Jer.  See C. xvii. 18.

 

Ver. 22.  For.  Prot. "when."  H. --- Robber.  So Nabuchodonosor and all professional conquerors are styled.  C.

 

Ver. 23.  Destroy.  Heb. "with them."  use them as vessels of ignominy: abutere.  H.

 

 








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