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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ISAIAS 42

 

CHAPTER XLII.

 

Ver. 1.  My servant.  Christ, who, according to his humanity, is the servant of God, (Ch.) and Redeemer of others; none else being able to satisfy for themselves.  W.  Phil. ii. 7.  C. --- This passage clearly refers to the Messias, (Chal.  Kimchi) who was prefigured by Cyrus.  v. 6.  C.  Hugo. --- It is quoted by S. Mat. (xii. 18.) who has some variations both from the Heb. and the Sept. (C.) particularly the first part of v. 4. which the Sept. renders, "He shall shine, and shall not be broken."

 

Ver. 4.  Islands.  Sept. and S. Mat. "the Gentiles shall hope in his name."  H.

 

Ver. 6.  Gentiles.  This was literally verified in Christ.  Cyrus is also styled the just, (C. xli. 26.) and gave liberty to many nations.

 

Ver. 7.  House.  The Jews out of captivity, prefigured the redemption of mankind.  These miracles proved that Jesus was the Messias.  Lu. vii. 22.

 

Ver. 8.  Things.  They shall not partake of my divinity.  Our Saviour was truly God.  Phil. ii. 6.

 

Ver. 9.  Them.  The completion of former predictions enforces the belief of those which are yet to come.  C.

 

Ver. 10.  All.  Lit. "its fullness," (H.) sailors, (C.) and fishes.  H. --- He concludes with a canticle.

 

Ver. 11.  Cedar, or the Jews in exile in the desert Arabia.  P. cxix. 5.  C. --- The people dwell in tents.  Roger. ii. 5. --- Petra.  A city that gives name to Arabia Petræa.  Ch.

 

Ver. 13.  Enemies.  The Chaldees, (C.) by the hand of Cyrus.

 

Ver. 15.  Pools.  Cyrus deluged the country about Babylon.  C. xiii. and xxi. 1.  H. --- The proud and covetous, who expected Christ to give them kingdoms, were deceived.  He came to teach humility, and to grant eternal rewards.  W.

 

Ver. 16.  Blind captives, or converts to Christianity.

 

Ver. 18.  Deaf Jews, who would not listen to the prophets.  v. 19.  C.

 

Ver. 19.  Sold.  Heb. Cimshullam, (H.) the perfect, or favoured.  The Turks call "believers" Musselmans.  C.

 

Ver. 22.  Men, whom they corrupt by their bad example.  H. --- Heb. "their young men are in chains," during the last wars, and the captivity of Juda.  C.

 

Ver. 24.  We.  Sept. "they have sinned," which seems preferable.  H.

 

 








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