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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ECCLESIASTICUS 48

 

CHAPTER XLVIII.

 

Ver. 1.  Torch.  He was animated with a burning zeal, (M.) like John the Baptist, admonishing kings, &c.  Jo. v. 35.  Lu. i. 17.  C.

 

Ver. 2.  And they.  Gr. "and by his zeal he diminished them.  By," &c.  H. --- He slew the priests of Baal, and many perished by famine.  4 K. xviii.  Grot.  C.

 

Ver. 3.  Heaven.  That it should not rain for three years and a-half.  3 K. xvii. 1. --- Thrice.  First upon his sacrifice, and twice to destroy fifty soldiers.  Ib. 38. and 4 K. i. 10.  C.  W.

 

Ver. 5.  Man.  The son of the widow of Sarepta.

 

Ver. 6.  Destruction.  The prophets are said to perform what they foretell; to indicate the certainty of the event.  Elias denounced death to Achab, Jezabel, Ochozias, and the two Jorams.  4 K. ix. 12. and 2 Par. xxi. 12. &c.  C. --- Brokest.  Gr. "those in honour from," &c. alluding to (H.) Ochozias and Joram.  4 K. i. 16. and 1 Par. xxi. 15.  C.

 

Ver. 7.  Judgment.  Gr. "the reprimand of the Lord," for betraying fear, (3 K. xix. 3. 9. 12.  H.) or the reprimand regarded Israel.  C.

 

Ver. 8.  Penance.  Gr. "reward," (H.) or punish the guilty.  Hazael and Jehu were anointed by Eliseus, though by order of Elias. --- Thee.  Eliseus was called from the plough, and adhered to his master, who governed the sons of the prophets in large communities.

 

Ver. 10.  Jacob.  Prot. reject the authority of this book, partly (H.) on account of this (W.) ancient tradition.  Enoch and Elias will appear in the days of antichrist, to convert many.  The Jews will then agree with the Patriarchs, and embrace the religion of Christ.  C. --- Elias came in the person of John the Baptist, at the first coming of our Saviour, but he will come in person before his second appearance.  H. --- The application which Christ makes of the prediction of Malachy (iv. 6.) to the Baptist, does not exclude this more distant accomplishment.  Elias is still alive in some part of the world, as well as Enoch, whom S. Aug. styled "the first-born (primogenitor) of our resurrection."  De Civ. Dei. xv. 19.  4 K. ii. 11.

 

Ver. 11.  Friendship.  Like Eliseus, or the disciples of both.  C. --- Gr. "who slept in love, for we also shall live indeed; (13.) Elias," &c.  H. --- When we shall witness thy return, if we prove faithful, we may expect an immortal name, and not otherwise.  C. --- He speaks in the person of those who shall live at that time.  H.

 

Ver. 13.  Eliseus.  Who received his double spirit, with his garment.  4 K. ii. 15. --- Prince.  Joram.  4 K. iii. 14. and vi. 32.

 

Ver. 14.  Overcome.  Or "escape."  Gr. Syr.  He knew what Giezi and the Syrians were doing, at a distance.  4 K. v. 26. and vi. 12. --- Prophesied.  Or raised the dead to life.  4 K. xiii. 21.  C. --- On his death-bed (v. 15.) he also foretold the victory of Joas.  Ib. 14.  Vatab. &c. --- The miracle wrought by his relics (H.) shewed that he was a true prophet.  W.

 

Ver. 19.  Thereof.  From Gehon, a fountain on the west.  2 Par. xxxii. 30.  C.

 

Ver. 20.  Lifted.  Gr. "removed from Lachis, and, "&c.  4 K. xviii. &c.

 

Ver. 23.  He was.  Gr. "and he purified (H. or redeemed, C.) them by the hand (ministry) of Isaias. (24.) He," &c.  H. --- Prayer prevailed when troops were insufficient.  4 K. xix.  W.

 

Ver. 25.  Sight.  Gr. "vision."  All his predictions were verified.  C.

 

Ver. 26.  Life.  Fifteen years.  Is. xxxviii. and 4 K. xl. 11.  H.

 

Ver. 27.  At last.  After the captivity, (Is. ii. 2.  C.) or in the days of the Messias.  M.

 

 








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