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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ECCLESIASTICUS 45

 

CHAPTER XLV.

 

Ver. 1.  Men.  Pharao, Jethro, and the whole nation of the Hebrews, whom he governed as a father, being the mildest of men.  Num. xii. 23.  His life was a continued miracle, and he was honoured more than any prophet, (ib. vi.  Acts vii.  C.) seeing God's works more clearly, but not his substance.  Ex. xxxiii.  W.

 

Ver. 2.  Saints, patriarchs or angels, as he saw God face to face. --- Enemies.  The Egyptians, Amalecites, and all who rebelled against God. --- Cease.  Removing the scourges which he had inflicted.  His serpent devoured those of the magicians, who were confounded before him.

 

Ver. 3.  Kings.  Pharao, Og, &c. --- Glory, when he had passed by.  Ex. xxxiii. 22.

 

Ver. 4.  Meekness, giving him these necessary qualifications to rule a rebellious people.  v. 1.

 

Ver. 5.  Heard.  Gr. "made him hear his voice."

 

Ver. 6.  Face, familiarly. --- Life, by observing which, the Hebrews might live.  Thus the trees of life and of knowledge were a sort of remedy against death and ignorance.  Gen. ii. 9.  C.

 

Ver. 7.  His.  Gr. "holy, like to himself his brother of the," &c.  H.  Ps. cv. 16. --- He was the interpreter of Moses, and honoured with the high priesthood.  Aaron and his posterity were bound to be faithful to the law.  v. 19.  C. --- Their priesthood was to last till Christ appeared, a priest forever of the order of Melchisedech.

 

Ver. 9.  Robe.  Lit. "stole," (H.) which was a long robe, used in the East by both sexes. --- Crowned.  Gr. "confirmed" him in his dignity.  C.

 

Ver. 10.  To the.  Gr. "enclosing his legs, (H. breeches. C.) and the robe hanging down to the feet, (poderĂ©) and the garment over the shoulders," (H. ephod) which met at the breast, where the rational were fixed.  See Ex. xxviii.  C. --- Many.  Gr. "spheres, (H. or pomegranates.  Ex. xxviii. 23.  C.) with many little bells," (H.) to admonish the people of his coming.

 

Ver. 12.  Man.  Beseleel, who made the greatest part.  C. --- Gr. "of an embroiderer, with the rational of judgment, and the signs (manifestation.  C.) of truth.  H. --- Thus the Sept. commonly describe the Urim and Thummim.  Ex. xxviii. 6.  C.

 

Ver. 13.  Tribes.  Gr. "sons."  H. --- Their names were engraven on 12 stones.

 

Ver. 14.  Holiness, or "holy to the Lord."  Ex. xxviii.  C. --- Work.  Gr. "works very rich."  H. --- This regards all his attire.  The high priest only used it in the temple, on grand festivals.  C.

 

Ver. 17.  His.  Gr. Comp. "their."  H. --- Some of the ordinary priests offered the daily holocausts.

 

Ver. 18.  Filled.  Consecrated.  Lev. viii. 26.

 

Ver. 19.  Testament.  It prefigured that of Christ, which lasts for ever.  Heb. vii.  C. --- Execute.  Gr. "serve him, both by executing the priestly office, and by blessing the people," &c.  H. --- This was one of the high priest's functions.  Num. vi. 23.  The rest might offer sacrifice and incense, except on the day of expiation, (Lev. xvi.) and on solemn festivals, though the Scripture is silent on the latter head.

 

Ver. 21.  Law.  The most important causes were to be tried before the high priest, who, with this brethren, were the interpreters of the law.  Matt. ii. 6.

 

Ver. 24.  Fire.  Thus consuming 250 men.  Num. xvi. 30.

 

Ver. 26.  Eat.  The skin of holocausts were along given to the priests.

 

Ver. 27.  People.  Having only 2,000 cubits round their cities.  Num. xxxv.  The priests were thus interested to keep the people to their duty, as their own subsistence depended on the devotion and gifts of the latter.  C. --- They had no distinct territory, like the rest of the tribes.  W.

 

Ver. 28.  Imitating.  Gr. "by shewing a zeal in the fear of the Lord."  Num. xxv. 11.

 

Ver. 31.  That he.  Or so he made a covenant with Aaron, that he, &c.  C. --- Gr. "and (Grabe puts according to) the covenant made to David...that the king's son successively should alone inherit, the inheritance of Aaron was for his posterity.  May he impart wisdom to your heart," &c. --- He made.  Gr. "glory during their age."  H. --- The sacred writer pours forth this prayer for God's ministers, (C.) that their good things and glory may never end, as long as the Jewish dispensation should last.  He is equally solicitous for the priesthood as for the sceptre of David.  In both the families of Aaron and David children succeeded to their father's dignity, and God had made a covenant for that purpose.  H. --- David assisted the priests, and greatly advanced God's service.  1 Par. xxiii.  W. --- His eulogy is given C. xlvii.; and he is here only mentioned (C.) as a comparison.  H.

 

 








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