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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ECCLESIASTICUS 43

 

CHAPTER XLIII.

 

Ver. 1.  Shew.  We cannot behold these things without admiration of God.

 

Ver. 2.  High.  The sun is the most excellent of all irrational creatures, affording light (W.) and heat for the production of things; (H.) whence Aristotle (de Anima ii.) styles it "father of men and of gods."  Yet it is inferior to man, being devoid of reason.  All creatures manifest God's majesty; the little as well as the great.  W.

 

Ver. 5.  Hastened.  Some Gr. copies read "slackened," alluding to Jos. x. 13.

 

Ver. 6.  In all.  Gr. Comp. "to stand guard."  Other copies agree with the Vulg. though embarrassed. --- World.  To mark out the seasons.  Gen. i. 14.  Ps. ciii. 19.

 

Ver. 7.  Day.  The lunar system prevailed only after the captivity.  The Passover was celebrated on the 14th of the moon of Nisan.

 

Ver. 8.  Name.  Meni is used for the moon, (Jer. lxv. 11.) which resembles the Gr. mén, "month."  This is also derived from méné, "the moon."  We know not what Heb. words were used.  C. vi. 23.  The two former may both come from manah, "to divide."

 

Ver. 9.  Armies.  The stars, &c. are compared to a camp or army.

 

Ver. 11.  Judgment.  The angels are not pure before God; (Job iv. 18. and xv. 15.) or rather the stars obey his orders.  Bar. iii. 34.  Judg. v. 20.  Ps. cxviii. 91.  C.

 

Ver. 12.  Brightness.  Mille trahit varios adverso sole colores.  Æn. 5.

 

Ver. 14.  Judgment, to punish the wicked.  Ex. xiv. 24.  Is. xxxvii. 36.  C.

 

Ver. 15.  Birds, sent to give information by letters, as the Egyptians still do.  Bochart i. 2.  Is. lx. 5. --- Tempests execute God's judgments.  Job xxxviii. 22.

 

Ver. 16.  Broken, as from huge mountains.  Job xxxviii. 39.  C.

 

Ver. 18.  Strike.  Gr. "upbraid, (Drus.) or make the earth fall in labour," odinesen.  Grabe.  H.

 

Ver. 19.  Lightning.  Gr. "flying, he."  H. --- Locusts.  "They cover the cornfields with a destructive cloud."  Pliny xi. 29.

 

Ver. 20.  Shower, as if God were about to drown the world.  The melting of snow occasions dreadful inundations.  C. --- Its whiteness sometimes deprives people of their sight.  Xenoph. Anab. iv.

 

Ver. 21.  Thistles.  Gr. "stakes," pointed as it were with steel.  M.

 

Ver. 22.  Crystal, or ice.  C.

 

Ver. 23.  Burn.  Cold destroys verdure no less than fire.  Gen. xxxi. 40.

 

Ver. 24.  Overpower it.  Gr. "give joy; (25.) with," &c.  H. --- Warmth and rain restore beauty to the earth, after the horrors of winter.

 

Ver. 25.  Still.  Lit. "silent."  Matt. viii. 26. --- Lord.  Gr. Rom. "Jesus planted it;" which is a mistake for nhsouV, islands.  C. --- "He planted islands in it."  Grabe thus corrects the Alex. copy, though it agree with the Rom. and Aldine editions.  H.

 

Ver. 26.  Thereof.  Ps. cvi. 23.  "He who has not sailed has seen nothing evil."  Possidip.

 

Ver. 27.  Monstrous.  Gr. "creation of whales."  H.

 

Ver. 28.  Is.  Gr. "his angel gives a prosperous journey." --- Regulated.  Gr. "blended."  H. --- If God be angry, all will go to the bottom.  Grot.

 

Ver. 29.  All.  Lit. "in all."  Every thing obeys God.  C. xlii. 15.  Eccle. xii. 13.

 

Ver. 30.  Him.  So the Gr. reads.  Vulg. seems to say, "boasting in all, what shall we be able to do?"  What is man, fighting against the Lord!  C.

 

Ver. 32.  His.  Gr. "exalting the Lord, exert your power; and labour, for you will not come up to him: (35.) who," &c.  H. --- He is above all praise.  Ps. cxliv. 3.  C.

 

Ver. 35.  From.  Gr. "many hidden things are," &c.  H. --- The angels, and many secrets of nature, have not been mentioned.  C.

 

 








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