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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ECCLESIASTICUS 33

 

CHAPTER XXXIII.

 

Ver. 1.  Evils.  God will make all turn to the advantage of the elect.

 

Ver. 3.  To him.  God will fulfill all his promises.  C. --- Gr. continues, "as the interrogation (H.) of the Urim, (dhlwn.  C.) prepare what to say, and so thou shalt be heard.  Put on instruction, and thus reply."  H. --- Speak not without being prepared.

 

Ver. 5.  Cart.  Inconstant and grating.  C. --- The wicked turn from one vice to another, as heretics devise many errors, not having their heart established in grace.  Heb. xiii. 9.  W.

 

Ver. 6.  Him.  And will be unmanageable, (M.) when he has any thing to ridicule.  C. --- Qui captat risus.  Hor. i. Sat. 4.

 

Ver. 7.  Another.  God's will alone appoints one to be holy or fine; and another to be stormy, or dedicated to labour.  C. --- And one.  Gr. "and all the light of the day throughout the year proceeds from the sun."

 

Ver. 8.  The sun.  Gr. "and he distinguished the seasons and holidays (10.) some," &c.

 

Ver. 10.  Great.  Gr. "holy."  H. --- Thus all men are by nature equal.  Yet what difference do we not find in their condition?  Some live in obscurity, who  might have shone upon the throne; and this is God's will.  C.

 

Ver. 12.  Station.  Exterminating the Chanaanites.  God disposes of all with sovereign power and justice.  Rom. ix. 29.

 

Ver. 14.  Ordering.  All depend on God.  C. --- "The predestination of the saints is nothing but the foreknowledge and preparation of God's benefits, by which those are most certainly liberated who obtain their freedom.  But where are the rest left; except in the mass of perdition, by the just judgment of the Deity?  S. Aug. Persev. xiv. n. 35, and Corrept. xiii. n. 42.

 

Ver. 15.  Another.  Lights and shades both contribute to form the beauty of a picture.  H. --- Antitheses adorn a discourse, as opposite things do the universe.  S. Aug. de Civ. Dei. xi. 18. --- God will make the wicked subservient to his glory.

 

Ver. 16.  Of all.  Solomon, Ezechias, &c. made various collections of similar maxims.  C. --- The books of the Machabees were alone written after this in the Old Testament.  M. --- Gr. places what follows after C. xxx. 26.  These four verses may be regarded as a sort of preface.  H.

 

Ver. 21.  Change thee.  That is, so as to have this power over thee.  Ch. --- Be inflexible on this head.  C.

 

Ver. 23.  The pre-eminence.  That is, be master in thy own house, and part not with thy authority.  Ch. --- Let not thy wife or servants rule in thy name.  M.

 

Ver. 25.  Fodder.  Gr. prefixes "on slaves."  H. --- They were bought like horses.  Aristotle (Ĺ’con. i. 5.) gives the like instructions on their treatment.  C.

 

Ver. 27.  A still.  Gr. "the neck, (28.) torture," &c.  H.

 

Ver. 31.  Faithful, is not expressed in Gr. but must be understood. --- Blood.  Taking him prisoner at the hazard of thy life.  The like misfortune might easily have befallen thee.  C. --- Seneca (ep. 47.) says, "live so with thy inferior, as thou wouldst have thy superior live with thee."

 

Ver. 33.  Thou.  Gr. "on what road wilt thou seek for him?"

 

 








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