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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ECCLESIASTICUS 16

 

CHAPTER XVI.

 

Ver. 1.  Rejoice.  Gr. "desire not an useless multitude of children," &c.

 

Ver. 2.  Labours.  All will end in ruin which springs from corruption.  H. --- Achab and Gedeon had seventy sons, but all were presently exterminated, while Abraham had a numerous posterity by his son Isaac.

 

Ver. 7.  Out.  They shall perish by civil and foreign wars, (C.) and by God's indignation.  Deut. xxxii. 23.  H. --- They who yield to the fire of concupiscence, will feel God's wrath for ever.  W.

 

Ver. 9.  Of their word, is not in Gr. but may imply the effrontery of the Sodomites, who were not ashamed of openly professing their brutality.  Ezec. xvi. 49.  C.

 

Ver. 11.  Six hundred thousand footmen, &c.  Viz. the children of Israel, whom he sentenced to die in the wilderness.  Num. xiv. (Ch.) Ex. xii. 37.

 

Ver. 14.  Off.  The virtuous shall be rewarded.  Rom. ii. 6.  Gr. "the patience of the impious shall not delay."  He shall soon be punished, (H.) while he who gives only a cup of cold water to the poor, shall find a recompense.  Matt. x.  W.

 

Ver. 15.  And, &c. is not in Gr. the different editions of which vary.  C. --- Instead of this sentence, Grabe inserts from the Comp. "the Lord hardened Pharao, that he might not know him, that his surprising works might be manifest under heaven.  To every creature his mercy is evident, and he has divided his light from darkness with adamant.  H. --- His counsels are unsearchable, and the good are entirely separated from the reprobate.  1 Tim. vi. 16.  Lu. xvi. 26.

 

Ver. 16.  High.  God would not be God if he were indifferent about virtue.  None of his creatures can be beneath his notice.  All the world is but like a drop of water to him.  Is. xl 15. 22.  He cannot be distracted.  C.

 

Ver. 20.  And.  Gr. "his ways."  v. 21.  H. --- God's threats and promises touch not the sinner.

 

Ver. 22.  Testament.  The law, or the judgment, which God shall pronounce.  C.

 

Ver. 26.  And their.  The heavenly bodies continue their courses, (Grot.  Jans.) and all things still subsist, (H.) being formed and preserved by an intelligent being.  He refutes the epicureans.  C.

 

Ver. 29.  Be.  Gr. "they shall not disobey his order for ever."  H. --- After the sun, &c. had been regulated on the fourth day, God set in order sublunary things.  v. 30.  C.

 

Ver. 31.  Forth, the glory and power of God upon the earth.  Ch. --- Before.  Gr. "hath covered its (the earth's) face, and into it," &c.  H. --- All living creatures shall return to dust.  Ps. ciii. 29.  C. --- Rational and brute creatures praise God by answering the ends designed by him.  W.

 

 








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