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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



ECCLESIASTICUS 12

 

CHAPTER XII.

 

Ver. 1.  To whom.  All must not be admitted into the house, nor treated with marks of particular esteem.  Yet daily alms must be given without too scrupulous an enquiry.  Lu. vi. 30.  C. --- It would be wrong to encourage sinners, who would run to their ruin.  But we must relieve the penitent.  W.

 

Ver. 2.  Lord.  Christ rewards what good is done to his poor brethren.

 

Ver. 3.  For.  Gr. (4.) "Give to the pious, and receive not the sinner, (6.) Do," &c.  H. --- The gospel enjoins us to do good to all.  S. Aug. (Dort. iii. 16.) and S. Tho. (ii. 2. q. xxxii. a ix.) explain this in a spiritual sense, that we must not partake in the crimes of others.  We may also make presents to the virtuous, and pass over people of a different character, particularly when they would abuse our gifts.  The honest poor must be preserved.

 

Ver. 10.  Rusteth.  So his malice always returns, (C.) and he shews what he is.  Vat. --- Christianity does not blame due reserve  in treating with those whom we know not, or who have formerly injured us.  Though we must love them from our heart, yet we need not intrust our secrets to them, nor even to every friend.  Joab always retained a hatred for Abner, and Absalom for his brother and father, though they dissembled their resentment.  C. --- So the wicked commonly act.  H. --- We must love, but not trust them, being wise as serpents.  Matt. x.  W.

 

Ver. 11.  Of him.  Gr. adds, "and thou shalt be to him as one who has rubbed a mirror, (of brass from the rust.  It returns perpetually.  C.) and shalt know that the rust is not removed for ever.  Grabe.  H.

 

Ver. 13.  Beasts.  Vipers, &c.  Why should they familiarize themselves with such?  Some Italians still handle serpents without fear, pretending that they are the descendants of S. Paul.  C. --- But he was never married, (1 Cor. vii.  H.) and they are rather of the race of the Marsi, who formerly claimed the same privilege, having made use of some drugs to prevent the poison.  The ancients believed that they could charm serpents.

 

Ver. 16.  Blood.  Jer. xli. 6.  Samson yielded to the tears of women.  Judg. xiv. 16. and xvi. 6.

 

Ver. 18.  Eyes.  Is taken from v. 16.  It is not in Gr.  H. --- His tears are like those of crocodiles, which cry when they are going to kill a man.  C.

 

 








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