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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



PSALM 120

 

PSALM CXX.  (LEVAVI OCULOS.)

God is the keeper of his servants.

 

Ver. 1.  Canticle.  David wrote this during his flight from Absalom; (Grot.) and de Muis judges from the martial air, that it was composed in the midst of danger.  It relates to the captives, (Orig.  C.) and to all in the pilgrimage of this world.  Bert. --- Mountains.  Jerusalem, and heaven, whence all our help must come.  God most readily hears the prayers which are poured forth in places appointed by him.  W. --- Jerusalem was situated among mountains, and the Jews turned towards it in prayer.  Dan. vi. 10.  They did not depend on human aid.  Jer. iii. 22.

 

Ver. 3.  May.  Heb. "he will not."  Many have read in the second person, both in the Heb. and Sept. "Suffer not thy," &c.  Aquila,  S. Aug. &c.  C.

 

Ver. 4.  Israel.  The Church militant.  W. --- These figurative expressions shew that God will never cease to protect his people.  Bert.

 

Ver. 5.  Hand.  Always ready.  Ps. xc. 4. and xv. 8.  H.

 

Ver. 6.  Night.  Neither prosperity nor adversity shall hurt thee, (S. Jer.) or the Church.  W. --- Cold is said to burn or parch up.  Gen. xxxi. 40.  Justin (2) writes of the Scythians, Quanquam continuis frigoribut urantur, as the effects of extreme heat and cold are similar.  The Jews were protected from both at their return; (Is. iv. 6. and xlix. 10.  C.) though we may doubt of this explanation, as the text is applied to those in heaven.  Apoc. vii. 16.  Bert.

 

Ver. 7.  Keepeth.  Heb. also, "shall or may."  The words of a prophet are always true, and the tenses are varied at pleasure by S. Jerom, &c.  Bert. --- Soul, or spiritual life.  W.  1 Pet. i. 4.

 

Ver. 8.  Coming in.  Heb. has, "going out," first.  Bert. --- Yet Pagnin agrees with us.  H. --- This expression denotes all the occurrences of life.  Deut. xxviii. 6.  C. --- We may discover a beautiful progression in this psalm; God protects us from each and from every danger.  Bert. --- He is not like earthly friends, who have not always the will or the power to do it.  S. Chrys.

 

 








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