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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



JOB 32

 

CHAPTER XXXII.

 

Ver. 1.  Himself.  They thought it useless to say any more.

 

Ver. 2.  Buzite, a descendant of Buz, the son of Nachor.  Gen. xxii. 21.  C. --- Of, &c.  Sept. "of the country of Hus." --- Ram.  Chal. "Abraham;" (M.) or rather (H.) this is put for Aram.  Sym. "Syria."  2 Par. xxii. 5.  Some suppose that Eliu spring from Aram, the son of Esron, of the tribe of Juda.  Others think that (C.) he was the same with Balaam.  S. Jer.  Ven. Bede. --- He is never ranked among the friends of Job, as he perhaps did not come from a distance.  His speech, or good intention, is not condemned by God; and Job seems to have acquiesced in what he said.  C. --- This silence of the latter might rather proceed from a just (H.) contempt, as Eliu said nothing to the purpose; many of his observations being palpably false, and others not at all controverted.  Yet with his private spirit he comes forth, not much unlike Prot. and Puritans, who pretend that they will overturn the Catholic faith by arguments which have escaped the sagacity of all preceding ages!  W. --- God also did not let Eliu pass entirely unnoticed; but, in one line, showed his displeasure: (C. xxxviii. 2.  Houbigant) as Job perhaps did likewise, by repeating the same decision.  C. xlii. 3.  H. --- Eliu vainly explains why he had not spoken before.  He arraigns Job for asserting his own innocence, though the  holy man only maintained that he was not punished thus for his crimes, according to the laws of vindictive justice; (C. xxvii. 2.) much less did he pretend that he was juster than God, (C. xxxv. 2.) as his adversary asserts; taking thence occasion to praise the divine wisdom and power, as if Job had called them in question.  C. --- God, whose eyes behold the smallest faults.  M. --- Heb. "rather on, or (H.) above God."  C. --- This young man, who was learned and proud, is the pattern of those hot disputants who set themselves above their elders.  S. Greg. xxiii. 2.  W.

 

Ver. 3.  Found.  Heb. "produced an answer, but had still condemned Job;" (H.) or, "had made Job wicked," by giving him occasion to blaspheme, in order to defend his own righteousness.  C. --- Sept. "they took it for granted (or laid it down as a fact, eqento) that he was a wretch."  This was not true: (H.) but they had also doe their best to prove it.  C. --- Job.  Almost all the Rabbins assert that the original copies read Jehova, "the Lord;" (H.) and that the Masorets changed it, to avoid the apparent blasphemy; as if the three friends had rendered themselves guilty by not answering Job.  But the Chal. &c. are silent on this head, and Abenezra allows that the change is very doubtful.  C.

 

Ver. 6.  Hanging.  Heb. "I fest a reverential awe, (Sept. I was silent) and durst not shew," &c.  H.

 

Ver. 8.  Spirit, which is communicated to the young, as well as to the old.  M.

 

Ver. 9.  Aged: polucronioi.  Sept. Rabbim, "the Rabbins," (H.) the "great ones," placed in authority.  These are not always the wisest, as understanding is the gift of God, and not attached to rank.  C.

 

Ver. 11.  Disputing.  Heb. "searching out words," or arguments.  H.

 

Ver. 12.  None.  A notorious piece of arrogance, to esteem himself wiser than any of his own sect, or of his adversaries.  W.

 

Ver. 13.  Man.  You seem to think this a convincing proof that Job is guilty: (Ven. Bede.  H.) but it is no such thing.  You would fain excuse yourselves from saying any more, for fear of causing him pain, which is already very great; and you vainly imagine that you may thus leave him to be judged by God.  We must however convince Job.  C.

 

Ver. 14.  He; Job, or God.  I do not pretend that I have had  any revelation, like Eliphas and Sophar.  C. iv. 12. and xi. 5.  Job has addressed himself to you; (C.) but I shall not answer him as you have done.  M. --- Those who neither believe Catholics, nor their own teachers, but rely on the private spirit, think that the answers which have been given to others, on the same points, do not regard them.  S. Greg.  W.

 

Ver. 15.  They.  Eliu speaks thus contemptuously of the three friends, as if they had been absent.  In the former verse he spoke to them: now he turns to Job.  Heb. "they were amazed."  H.

 

Ver. 18.  Me.  And forces  me to speak.  Jer. v. 24. and xx. 9.  Thus Juvenal describes a great talker.  Tunc immensa cavi spirant mendacia folles.---Conspuiturque sinus.  Sat. vi.  C.

 

Ver. 19.  Vessels, made of skins.  Heb. oboth.  H.

 

Ver. 21.  Man.  Heb. "give flattering titles unto man."  Prot. "I do not respect a mortal."  Sept. (H.) "nothing shall make me conceal the truth: I will give things their proper names."  Job seemed to him to have arrogated to himself the perfection of God, in maintaining his own innocence.  C. --- He promises to stand up in defence of the Almighty, (M.) as his advocate.  C.

 

Ver. 22.  Away.  I shall therefore speak with the utmost caution, (H.) as one who must shortly appear before the divine tribunal.  M. --- Heb. "For I know not how to call things by their sirnames, (C.) or titles of vanity; (H.) If I do, may my Creator soon (C.) take me away."  Sept. "I know not how to admire the face.  If it be not so, the worms shall consume me."  H.

 

 








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