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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



TOBIAS 3

 

CHAPTER III.

 

Ver. 1.  Then, retiring, v. 25. --- Tears.  He manifests no degree of impatience.  C.

 

Ver. 2.  Judgment.  Even in punishing, God remembers mercy, (H.) and never fails to perform what he has promised.

 

Ver. 3.  Parents, so as to punish me on their account. M. --- The Scripture frequently seems to indicate that this is the case; (Ex. xx. 5.) and the Church still prays, Remember not, O Lord, our offences, nor those of our parents.  C. --- But children are only punished when they imitate the wicked conduct of their ancestors: they may be afflicted, though innocent, as their virtue will thus be tried, and shine more gloriously.  H. --- The pagans, being convinced that God can be guilty of no injustice, and perceiving that people who appeared to be free from sin were yet unhappy, concluded that they were explaining the sins committed in another world.  Plotin. ii. 13.  Origen, prin. iii.  C. --- This might arise from a confused notion of original sin.  Pascal's Thoughts.  H.

 

Ver. 6.  Peace.  Gr. "that I may be dissolved, and return to the earth; (lit. become earth) because it is more advantageous for me to die than to live, since I have heard false reproaches, and am much grieved.  Command that I may be freed from this necessity, to go to my eternal place."  H.

 

Ver. 7.  Rages.  In the Greek it is Ecbatana which was also called Rages.  For there were two cities in Media of name of Rages: Raguel dwelt in one of them and Gabelus in the other.  Ch.  M. --- Profane authors mention a Rages in the vicinity of Ecbatana.  Diod. Bib. 19. --- It may here denote the province.  W.

 

Ver. 8.  Asmodeus, "the fire of Media."  Heb. "king of the devils," of that country, exciting people to lust, (M. Serar. q. 8.) and destroying them. W. --- Unto her.  Gr. and Heb. intimate, when they first entered the nuptial chamber.  C. vi. 14.

 

Ver. 9.  Murder.  Gr. "Dost thou not understand that thou hast suffocated thy husbands.  Thou has already had seven husbands, and has not received the name of any of them.  Why dost thou strike us on their account?  If they be dead, go along with them.  May we," &c.  H.

 

Ver. 10.  At.  Gr. and Heb. "Hearing these things she was much grieved, so as to be unable to breath; (H.  wste apagxasqai) or, on the point of strangling herself."  Grot.  C. --- But this interpretation is groundless, (Houbigant) and very injurious to Sara.  H. --- She could not entertain the thought without sin.  Yet the Jews had very relaxed notions on this head.  Judg. xvi. 30.  1Kings xxxi. 4.  God approved the conduct of Sara.  C. --- Gr. continues, "and she said, I am the only daughter of my father.  If I do this thing, (as the servants suggested) it will be a disgrace for him...and she prayed before the window; and said, Blessed," v. 13.  H. --- There is no mention of the three days.  Heb. and Syr. also omit v. 16 to 24.  C.

 

Ver. 13.  Name.  Gr. "Blessed art thou O Lord, my God, and blessed the name of thy glory, holy and glorious for ever.  May all thy works praise thee for ever."  H. --- As she prayed for a long time, the Vulg. gives some sentences; and the Gr. and Heb. others.  Serar.  Salien.  M.

 

Ver. 15.  Earth.  Holy men have thus desired to die, as was the case with Moses, Elias, Job, and S. Paul provided God was willing.  M.

 

Ver. 16.  Coveted, through impure love.  Gr. "I am pure from all the sin of a man, and I have not defiled my name, nor the name of my father, in the land of our captivity.  I am only child, " &c.  H. --- Lust: a very high ecomium; which Sara mentions without vanity, placing her confidence in God.  M.  Prov. xx. 9.

 

Ver. 17.  Play, lasciviously, (M.) or dance.  Hugo.  Ex. xxxii. 1.

 

Ver. 21.  Crowned.  Jam. i. 12. --- Delivered from falling, (M.) and in due time from affliction.  H.

 

Ver. 25.  Raphael, "the medicine of God."  He is invoked not only for health, but also in journeys. C. --- Both.  Gr. and Heb. of Fagius add, "Tobit, by taking away the white film, and to give Sara...for a wife to Tobias...and to bind Asmodeus, the wicked devil; because Tobias was to have her.  At the same hour, Tobit returning entered his own house, and Sara...descended from her upper room."  H. --- Lord, by the angel.  Acts x.  Apoc. v.  W.

 

 








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