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HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



INTRODUCTION.

 

This and the following Book are called by the Hebrews, the Books of Samuel, because they contain the history of Samuel, and of the two kings, Saul and David, whom he anointed.  They are more commonly named by the Fathers, the First and Second Book of Kings.  As to the writer of them, it is the common opinion that Samuel composed the first book, as far as the twenty-fifth chapter; and that the prophets Nathan and Gad finished the first and wrote the second book.  See 1 Par. alias 1 Chronicles, xxix. 19.  Ch. --- The authors of the Third and Fourth Books of Kings were also prophets, but we know not exactly their names.  These works have nevertheless been always esteemed authentic (H.) and canonical.  W. --- V. Bede takes occasion to observe, from the Books of Kings (or as the Sept. read, "of kingdoms;" H.) being placed after that of Judges, that the everlasting kingdom of Christ will succeed the general judgment.  The translation of the priesthood and of the regal dignity, recorded in these books, denote also that Christ would united both in his own person; as the two wives of Eleana intimated, that both Jews and Gentiles would acknowledge the same Lord.  S. Jerom, S. Aug. &c. --- The transactions of Heli, Samuel and Saul, and the persecutions which David sustained from the latter, form the subject of the first book, (H.) during the space of 100 years.  All the four books carry down the sacred history near 600 years, from A. 2849 till the transmigration of Juda, A. 3420.  C.  Usher.

 

 








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