HOME CHAT NAB PRAYERS FORUMS COMMUNITY RCIA MAGAZINE CATECHISM LINKS CONTACT
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 CATHOLIC SAINTS INDEX  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 CATHOLIC DICTIONARY  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Home
 
Bible
 
Catechism
 
Chat
 
Catholic Encyclopedia
 
Church Fathers
 
Classics Library
 
Church Documents
 
Discussion
 
Mysticism
 
Prayer
 
Prayer Requests
 
RCIA
 
Vocations
 
Ray of Hope
 
Saints
 
Social Doctrine
 
Links
 
Contact
 







HAYDOCK CATHOLIC BIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT



JOEL 1

 

CHAPTER I.

 

Ver. 1.  Planted.  Sept. "Bathuel."  He was born in the tribe of Gad, at Bethaven, the town which Herod styles Livias  Jos. xiii. 27.  C.

 

Ver. 2.  Men.  Magistrates, and all who have children.  H.  He speaks to Juda, as the kingdom of Israel was ruined.  C. iii. 2.  His principal object is to describe the ravages of locusts, and to exhort the people to repent, promising them better times after the captivity, and under the Messias.  C. ii. 28. and iii. 20.  C.

 

Ver. 3.  Generation.  Prophecies relate to all future times, that people may see their accomplishment, (W.) and believe.  H.

 

Ver. 4.  Left, &c.  Some understand this literally of the desolation of the land by these insects: others understand it of the different invasions of the Chaldeans, or other enemies.  Ch. --- Jerusalem was four times plundered by the Babylonians, and every time worse than before, as these four sorts of destructive things shew.  But we shall not enlarge upon these points, nor pursue the mystical sense of the prophets, which may be found in the fathers and Ribera.  W. --- Others suppose that the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Greeks, (particularly Epiphanes) and Romans, are meant.  We explain it simply of the devastation by insects.  C. --- Four different species of locusts are denoted.  Bochart, p. 2. b. iv. 1. --- Mildew.  Heb. chasil, (H.) is often rendered "a locust," by Sept. (C. ii. 25. &c.) and most suppose this is here the sense.  The mildew destroys corn chiefly in low damp situations.  C.

 

Ver. 5.  Sweet.  Heb. "wine, because of the sweet wine," (H.) or liquors extracted from fruit.  The things which you have abused, are now taken away.

 

Ver. 6.  Nations.  Some understand the Assyrians or Chaldeans.  But locusts are here styled a nation.  Prov. xxx. 25. --- Lion.  Such locusts are described.  Apoc. ix. 8.  C. --- "In India they are said to be three feet long, and their legs and thighs are used for saws when dried."  Pliny xi. 29. --- They were attacked by regular troops in Syria.  Ib.

 

Ver. 8.  Youth, whom she espoused first.  Such are more tenderly loved, particularly where polygamy prevails.  C. --- So Dido speaks of Sichæus, Virg. Æn. iv.:

                            Ille meos primus qui se mihi junxit amores

                            Abstulit, ille habeat secum servetque sepulchro.

 

Ver. 9.  Lord.  No harvest being reaped, the fruits could not be paid.  Yet it is thought that what was requisite for sacrifice, would be procured from other countries.  C. --- When Jerusalem was destroyed, sacrifices ceased.  W.

 

Ver. 12.  Withered.  The bite of locusts corrupts the juice of plants.

 

Ver. 13.  Go in to the temple, or sleep on sackcloth.  Judith iv. 9.  C.

 

Ver. 14.  Sanctify.  Appoint (H.) or proclaim a general fast, as was usual in such emergencies.  3 K. xxi. 9. and 2 Par. xx. 3.  Fasting and other good works are calculated to appease God's wrath.  W.

 

Ver. 15.  Day.  Heb. ahah layom: (H.) "Ah, what a day!" --- Mighty.  Sept. "destruction."  They have read in a different manner.  God is about to give sentence, (C.) and to send Nabuchodonosor, (S. Jer.) or to destroy by famine.  v. 17.

 

Ver. 16.  God.  None can bring the first-fruits.  All appear in mourning.

 

Ver. 17.  Dung.  Horse-dung dried for bedding, was used in the East instead of straw, (Busb. 3.) as it is still by the Arabs.  Darvieux. 11. --- Heb. "the seeds are rotten under their clods," (H.) finding no moisture.  Sept. "the cows have stamped in their stalls;" or Syr. "remain without food in their cribs."  Chal. "the pitchers of wine have been corrupted under their covers," as there was no new wine.  C. --- Houses.  Heb. mammeguroth.  Prot. "barns, (H.) or country houses;" which means cabins erected for the season, (Ruth ii. 7.) the Magaria (C.) or Mopalia of the Africans.  S. Jer. pref. Amos. --- Sept. "the wine presses."  Wine and corn were preserved in pits carefully covered over.  Agg. ii. 20.  These fell to decay, as there was no use for them.

 

Ver. 19.  Places.  Heb. "dwellings," or shepherds' huts. --- Wilderness, denoting all pasture land unploughed.

 

Ver. 20.  Up, as if to pray for rain.  Jer. xiv. 6.  C. --- Heb. "cry," (H.) or "pant." --- As...rain is not in Heb. or Sept.  C.

 

 








Copyright ©1999-2018 e-Catholic2000.com