from agnoeo, to be ignorant of).
The name given to
those who denied the omniscience either of God or of Christ.
Theophronians, so named from their leader, Theophronius of
Cappadocia (370), denied that God knew the past by memory or the
future with certainty; and taught that even for a knowledge of the
past He required study and reflection.
regarding the nature of Christ as inferior to that of His Father,
claimed that He was ignorant of many things, as appears from His
own statements about the day of judgment and by the fact that He
frequently asked questions of His companions and of the Jews.
Apollinarists, denying that Christ had a human soul, or, at least,
that He had an intellect, necessarily regarded Him as devoid of
Monophysites logically believed that Christ knew all things, since,
according to them, He had but one nature and that divine. But some
of them, known as the Severian Monophysites, set limits to the
knowledge of Christ.
attributed extraordinary knowledge, if not omniscience, to Christ,
but many of the reformers, like Bucer, Calvin, Zwinglius, and
others, denied His omniscience.
Catholics during the last century have also questioned the
omniscience of the human intellect of Christ, e.g. Klee, Gunther,
Bougaud, and the controversy has again aroused some interest owing
to the speculations of Abbé Loisy.
See KNOWLEDGE OF