ST. APER OR EVRE, B. C.
HE was born at Troyes in Champagne, as was his
sister, the holy virgin Apronia, honored at Troyes and Toul on the
15th of July. Upon the death of St. Auspicius, sixth bishop of
Troyes, in Champagne, about the year 486, he was chosen to fill that
chair, for which he was prepared by a life devoted to the divine
service from his infancy. Baronius, F. Peter Chifflet, and F.
Longueval think him the same with Aper, who was married, had been a
judge, and, after having led for some years a worldly life, was
converted to God, and served him with great fervor, as we learn from
three letters of St. Paulinus to him. But the authors of the new
Gallia Christiana, and Calmet, in his history of Lorrain, show, that
this Aper must have been above one hundred years old before he could
have been bishop, which is incredible. Nor does it appear that the
bishop had ever been married; on the contrary, he had served God in
continency from his youth. He might, however, be the same to whom
Sidonius Apollinaris wrote with respect. In the history of his life,
his zeal, austerity, devotion, and miracles are set forth. He
governed that diocess seven years, and was buried in the new church
which he had begun to build in the suburbs, and which was finished by
his successor. This church was dedicated under the title of St.
Martin, but very soon after bore the name of St. Aper, whose relics
and miracles rendered it famous. A monastery was soon after built to
this church; and, in the decline of the sixth century, the abbot
Apollinaris governed both this church and that of Agaunum. St. Leo
IX. bishop of Toul, afterward pope, carried certain relics of St.
Mansuetus (first bishop of Toul in the reign of Constantine the
Great) and of St. Aper with him, and by them cured many of his
attendants of the pestilence on the road, as is related by Wibert,
archdeacon of that holy pope, in his life. The chief part of the
relics of St. Aper is to this day kept with veneration in his church.
See the life of St. Aper among the lives of the bishops of Toul,
published by Martenne, t. 3, Anecd. Col. 991, and by Calmet, Hist. de
Lorraine, t. 1, inter Instrum. col. 121, ed. 2da; also The History of
the Bishops of Toul, &c.