ST. FRIDIAN, ERIGDIAN, OR FRIGDIAN, C. BISHOP OF
HE is said to have been son to a king of Ulster in
Ireland, at least he is looked upon as of Irish extraction.
Travelling into Italy, to improve himself in ecclesiastical learning
and virtue, he made such progress that, upon the death of Geminian,
bishop of Lucca, he was chosen bishop of that extensive diocese, the
eleventh from St. Paulinus, founder of that church, said to have been
a disciple of St. Peter. St. Gregery the Great assures us, that he
miraculously checked an impetuous flood of the river Auser, now
called the Serchio, when it threatened to drown great part of the
city. St. Fridian died in 578, and was buried in a place where the
church now stands, which bears his name. Pope Alexander II. sent for
some regular canons from this church to establish that order in the
churches of St. John Lateran, and of the cross of Jerusalem, at Rome,
but, in 1507, the congregation of St. Frigdian was united to that of
St. John Lateran.1 See St. Gregory the Great,1. 3, Dial. c. 9, Bede,
Notker, Raban, Usuard, and the Roman Martyrology, on the 18th of
March. Also Innocent III. c. 34, de Testibus et Attestationibus. In
Decreto Gregoriano. Rursus id. c. 8, de Testibus cogendis. lb.
iterum, de Verborum Significatione. See also Dempster (of the family
of the barons of Muresk, a Scotchman, public professor, first in
several towns in Flanders, afterwards at Pisa, and lastly, at
Bononia, where he died in 1625) in his Etruria Regalis, t. 2,1. 5, c.
6, p. 299, which work was printed with many cuts, in two volumes,
folio, at Florence, in 1723, at the expense of Thomas Coke, late earl
of Leicester, then on his travels. And principally, see the
Ecclesiastical History of Lucca, printed in that city, in 1736, and
again in 1741, in 12mo.