SAINT CÆSARIUS, C.
HE was a physician, and brother to St. Gregory
Nazianzen. When the latter repaired to Cæsarea, in Palestine,
where the sacred studies flourished, Cæsarius went to
Alexandria, and with incredible success ran through the circle of the
sciences, among which oratory, philosophy, and especially medicine,
fixed his attention. In this last he became the first man of his age.
He perfected himself in this profession at Constantinople, but
excused himself from settling there, as the city and the emperor
Constantius earnestly requested him to do. He was afterwards recalled
thither, singularly honored by Julian the Apostate, nominated his
first physician, and excepted in several edicts which that prince
published against the Christians. He resisted strenuously the
insinuating discourses and artifices with which that prince
endeavored to seduce him, and was prevailed upon by the remonstrances
of his father and brother to resign his places at court, and prefer a
retreat, whatever solicitations Julian could use to detain him.
Jovian honorably restored him, and Valens, moreover, created him
treasurer of his own private purse, and of Bithynia. A narrow escape
in an earthquake at Nice, in Bithynia, in 368, worked so powerfully
on his mind, that he renounced the world, and died shortly after, in
the beginning of the year 369, leaving the poor his heirs. The Greeks
honor his memory on the 9th of March, as Nicephorus testifies,
(Hist.1. 11, c. 19,) and as appears from the Menæa: in the
Roman Martyrology he is named on the 25th of February.