ST. BARBARA, V. M.
THIS holy virgin and martyr is honored with
particular devotion in the Latin, Greek, Muscovite, and Syriac
calendars, but her history is obscured by a variety of false acts.
Baronius prefers those who tell us that she was a scholar of Origen,
and suffered martyrdom at Nicomedia, in the reign of Maximinus the
First, who raised the sixth general persecution after the murder of
Alexander Severus, in 235. But Joseph Assemani shows the acts which
we have in Metaphrastes and Mombritius to be the most exact and
sincere. By these we are informed that St. Barbara suffered at
Heliopolis, in Egypt, in the reign of Galerius, about the year 306.
This account agrees with the emperor Basil’s Menology, and the
Greek Synaxary. There stood an old monastery near Edessa, which bore
her name.1 See Jos. Assemani in Calend. Univ. t. 5, p. 408.