ST. PUBLIUS, ABBOT NEAR ZEUGMA, UPON THE
IS honored by the Greeks. He was the son of a
senator in that city, and sold his estate, plate, and furniture, for
the benefit of the poor; and lived first a hermit, afterwards
governed a numerous community in the fourth age. He allowed his monks
no other food than herbs and pulse, and very coarse bread; no drink
but water: he forbade milk, cheese, grapes, and even vinegar, also
oil, except from Easter to Whitsuntide. To put himself always in mind
of advancing continually in fervor and charity, he added every day
something to his exercises of penance and devotion: he was remarkably
solicitous to avoid sloth, being sensible of the inestimable value of
time. Alas! what would not a damned soul, what would not a suffering
soul in purgatory give, for one of those moments which we
unthinkingly throw away. As far as the state of the blessed in heaven
can admit of regret, they eternally condemn their insensibility as
having lost every moment of their mortal life, which they did not
improve to the utmost advantage. Theodoret tells us that the holy
abbot Publius founded two congregations, the one of Greeks, the other
of Syrians, each using their own tongue in the divine office for the
Greek and Chaldean were from the beginning sacred languages, or
consecrated by the church in her public prayers. St. Publius
flourished about the year 369. See Theodoret, Philoth. c. 5.
Rosweide,1. 6, c. 7. Chatel. Mart. Univ. p. 886, among the Aemeres.
of saints who are not commemorated on any particular day.